Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Modelling of Soil Spatial Variability in an Olive Grove by Fusing Remote Drone-based Multispectral Data, Ground-based Hyperspectral and Sample Data with Multivariate Geostatistics Taking into Account Change of Support

Version 1 : Received: 10 August 2022 / Approved: 11 August 2022 / Online: 11 August 2022 (11:30:23 CEST)

How to cite: Belmonte, A.; Riefolo, C.; Francesco, L.; Castrignanò, A. Modelling of Soil Spatial Variability in an Olive Grove by Fusing Remote Drone-based Multispectral Data, Ground-based Hyperspectral and Sample Data with Multivariate Geostatistics Taking into Account Change of Support. Preprints 2022, 2022080216 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202208.0216.v1). Belmonte, A.; Riefolo, C.; Francesco, L.; Castrignanò, A. Modelling of Soil Spatial Variability in an Olive Grove by Fusing Remote Drone-based Multispectral Data, Ground-based Hyperspectral and Sample Data with Multivariate Geostatistics Taking into Account Change of Support. Preprints 2022, 2022080216 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202208.0216.v1).

Abstract

Traditional soil characterization methods are time consuming, laborious and invasive and do not allow long-term repeatability of measurements. The overall aim of this paper was to assess and model spatial variability of the soil in an olive grove in south Italy by using data from two sensors of different type: a multi-spectral on-board drone radiometer and a hyperspectral visible-near infrared-shortwave infrared (VIS-NIR-SWIR) reflectance radiometer as well as sample data, to arrive at a delineation of homogeneous areas. The hyperspectral data were processed using continuum removal methodology to obtain information about the content and composition of clay. Differently, the multispectral data were firstly upscaled to the support of soil data using geostatistics and taking into account change of support. Secondly, the two-sensor data were integrated with soil granulometric properties by using the multivariate geostatistical techniques of multi-collocated cokriging and factor cokriging, in order to achieve a more exhaustive and finer-scale soil characterisation. The paper shows the impact of change of support on the uncertainty of soil prediction that can have a significant effect on decision making in Precision Agriculture. Moreover, four regionalised factors at two different scales (two per each scale) were retained and mapped. Each factor provided a different delineation of the field with areas characterised by different granulometry and clay composition. The applied method is sufficiently flexible and could be applied to any number and type of sensors.

Keywords

block cokriging; clay composition; granulometry; multi-collocated cokriging; multi-collocated fac-torial cokriging; regularization; SIDSAM; VIS-NIR-SWIR spectroscopy

Subject

EARTH SCIENCES, Geoinformatics

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