Preprint Brief Report Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

An Exploration of Rural-Urban Residence on Self-Reported Health Status with UK Cancer Survivors following Treatment: A Brief Report

Version 1 : Received: 23 May 2022 / Approved: 24 May 2022 / Online: 24 May 2022 (05:13:59 CEST)

How to cite: Nelson, D.; McGonagle, I.; Jackson, C.; Kane, R. An Exploration of Rural-Urban Residence on Self-Reported Health Status with UK Cancer Survivors following Treatment: A Brief Report . Preprints 2022, 2022050323 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202205.0323.v1). Nelson, D.; McGonagle, I.; Jackson, C.; Kane, R. An Exploration of Rural-Urban Residence on Self-Reported Health Status with UK Cancer Survivors following Treatment: A Brief Report . Preprints 2022, 2022050323 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202205.0323.v1).

Abstract

Objective: To explore the effect of rural-urban residence on self-reported health status with UK cancer survivors. Design: A cross-sectional postal questionnaire that collected data on demographics, post-code and self-reported health status. Methods: Independent Samples t test was used to detect differences in health status between rural and urban respondents. Pearson’s χ2 was used to control for confounding variables and multivariate analysis was conducted using Stepwise linear regression. Setting: East Midlands of England. Participants: Adult cancer survivors who had undergone primary treatment in the last five years. Participants were excluded if they had recurrence or metastatic spread, started active oncology treatment in the last twelve months and were in receipt of palliative or end of life care. Main Outcome: Residence was measured using the UK ONS RUC2011 Rural-Urban Classifications and Health Status via the UK ONS self-reported health status measure. Results: 227 respondents returned a questionnaire. Forty-five per cent (N=103) were resident in a rural area and fifty-three per cent (N=120) in an urban area. Rural (4.11±0.85) respondents had significantly (p<0.001) higher self-reported health status compared to urban (3.65±0.93) respondents (MD 0.47; 95% CI 0.23, 0.70). Conclusion: Rural respondents had significantly higher self-reported health status compared to their urban counterparts. It is hoped that the results will stimulate further work in this area and that researchers will be encouraged to collect data on rural-urban residency where appropriate.

Keywords

rural health: urban health; health status; cancer survivors; United Kingdom

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Nursing & Health Studies

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