Preprint Article Version 3 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

On the Meaning of Local Realism

Version 1 : Received: 18 May 2022 / Approved: 20 May 2022 / Online: 20 May 2022 (09:15:57 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 8 July 2022 / Approved: 11 July 2022 / Online: 11 July 2022 (08:48:58 CEST)
Version 3 : Received: 16 August 2022 / Approved: 17 August 2022 / Online: 17 August 2022 (11:43:24 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Lambare, J.P. On the Meaning of Local Realism. Found Phys 52, 98 (2022). Lambare, J.P. On the Meaning of Local Realism. Found Phys 52, 98 (2022).


We present a pragmatic analysis of the different meanings assigned to the term "local realism'' in the context of the empirical violations of Bell-type inequalities since its inception in the late 1970s. We point out that most of them are inconsistent and arise from a deeply ingrained prejudice that originated in the celebrated 1935 paper by Einstein-Podolski-Rosen. We highlight the correct connotation that arises once we discard unnecessary metaphysics.


Bell inequality; locality; nonlocality; realism; counterfactual definiteness


Physical Sciences, Quantum Science and Technology

Comments (2)

Comment 1
Received: 17 August 2022
Commenter: Justo Pastor Lambare
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: The title suffered a slight change. Modifications were introduced through the paper to facilitate interpretation. Seven more references were included.
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Comment 2
Received: 5 September 2022
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: Published version: Foundations of Physics (2022) 52:98
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