Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A Bi-Gram Approach for an Exhaustive Arabic Triliteral Roots Lexicon

Version 1 : Received: 12 April 2022 / Approved: 13 April 2022 / Online: 13 April 2022 (13:57:17 CEST)

How to cite: Mustafa, E.; Bouzoubaa, K. A Bi-Gram Approach for an Exhaustive Arabic Triliteral Roots Lexicon. Preprints 2022, 2022040128 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202204.0128.v1). Mustafa, E.; Bouzoubaa, K. A Bi-Gram Approach for an Exhaustive Arabic Triliteral Roots Lexicon. Preprints 2022, 2022040128 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202204.0128.v1).

Abstract

With the rapid development of science and technology, many new concepts and terms appear, especially in English. Other languages try to express these concepts with words from their own vocabulary. In the specific case of Arabic, there are many ways to find a counterpart for a particular new concept, such as using an existing word to denote the new concept, derivation, and blending. When these methods fail, the new concepts are simply phonetically transliterated. This has the disadvantage that most of the transliterated terms do not conform to the rules of the Arabic language and lead to a distortion of the language. Some modern linguists call for using the generation strategy to translate the new terms into Arabic by using the unused Arabic roots. Therefore, it is necessary to provide a resource that contains all Arabic roots with a categorization of what is used, what is available for use, and what is rejected according to the phonetic system. This work provides a comprehensive lexicon that contains all possible Arabic triliteral roots, determines the status of each root in terms of usage and acceptability, and provides a mechanism for giving preference to roots when there is more than one root that indicates the desired meaning.

Keywords

Arabic language; Arabic roots; lexicons; phonetic system; bigram frequencies; roots weight; Artificial Intelligence; NLP; Arabic NLP

Subject

ARTS & HUMANITIES, Linguistics

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