Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Stigmatizing Attitudes Toward People Living with HIV among Young Women Migrant Workers in Vietnam

Version 1 : Received: 28 March 2022 / Approved: 29 March 2022 / Online: 29 March 2022 (03:36:48 CEST)

How to cite: Ha, T.; Givens, D.; Nguyen, T.; Nguyen, N. Stigmatizing Attitudes Toward People Living with HIV among Young Women Migrant Workers in Vietnam. Preprints 2022, 2022030372 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202203.0372.v1). Ha, T.; Givens, D.; Nguyen, T.; Nguyen, N. Stigmatizing Attitudes Toward People Living with HIV among Young Women Migrant Workers in Vietnam. Preprints 2022, 2022030372 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202203.0372.v1).

Abstract

Despite intensive HIV education and prevention efforts in the past years, stigmatizing attitudes toward people living with HIV (PLWH) remain a major barrier to HIV prevention and treatment efforts in Vietnam. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of stigmatizing attitudes regarding HIV and identifying correlative factors that impact perceptions of PLWH among women migrant workers working in the industrial zones (IZ) in Hanoi, Vietnam. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1061 women migrant workers aged 18 to 29 from January to November 2020 in Hanoi, Vietnam. Stigmatizing attitudes toward PLWH were measured using a four-item scale. Multiple logistic regression was conducted to examine factors associated with stigmatizing attitudes. Over seventy-six (76.2 %) of the participants reported having at least one of the four stigmatizing attitudes. Greater levels of stigmatizing attitudes toward PLH were significantly associated with lower HIV knowledge, lower education and being Kinh (the ethnic majority in Vietnam). A high level of stigmatizing attitudes toward PWH among the study participants suggests that there is an urgent need for the development of appropriate culturally interventions and outreach education activities to reduce stigmatizing attitudes toward PWH among women migrant workers working in the IZs in Vietnam.Despite intensive HIV education and prevention efforts in the past years, stigmatizing attitudes toward people living with HIV (PLWH) remain a major barrier to HIV prevention and treatment efforts in Vietnam. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of stigmatizing attitudes regarding HIV and identifying correlative factors that impact perceptions of PLWH among women migrant workers working in the industrial zones (IZ) in Hanoi, Vietnam. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1061 women migrant workers aged 18 to 29 from January to November 2020 in Hanoi, Vietnam. Stigmatizing attitudes toward PLWH were measured using a four-item scale. Multiple logistic regression was conducted to examine factors associated with stigmatizing attitudes. Over seventy-six (76.2 %) of the participants reported having at least one of the four stigmatizing attitudes. Greater levels of stigmatizing attitudes toward PLH were significantly associated with lower HIV knowledge, lower education and being Kinh (the ethnic majority in Vietnam). A high level of stigmatizing attitudes toward PWH among the study participants suggests that there is an urgent need for the development of appropriate culturally interventions and outreach education activities to reduce stigmatizing attitudes toward PWH among women migrant workers working in the IZs in Vietnam.

Keywords

HIV; stigmatizing attitudes; women migrant workers; industrial zones; Vietnam

Subject

BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES, Other

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