Preprint Essay Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Why Do Elementary Particles Have Such Strange Mass Ratios? - The Role of Quantum Gravity at Low Energies

Version 1 : Received: 25 March 2022 / Approved: 28 March 2022 / Online: 28 March 2022 (14:35:27 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 14 July 2022 / Approved: 15 July 2022 / Online: 15 July 2022 (12:09:02 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Journal reference: Physics 2022, 4, 948-969
DOI: 10.3390/physics4030063


When gravity is quantum, the point structure of space-time should be replaced by a non-commutative geometry. This is true even for quantum gravity in the infra-red. Using the octonions as space-time coordinates, we construct a pre-spacetime, pre-quantum Lagrangian dynamics. We show that the symmetries of this non-commutative space unify the standard model of particle physics with $SU(2)_R$ chiral gravity. The algebra of the octonionic space yields spinor states which can be identified with three generations of quarks and leptons. The geometry of the space implies quantisation of electric charge, and leads to a theoretical derivation of the mysterious mass ratios of quarks and the charged leptons. Quantum gravity is quantisation not only of the gravitational field, but also of the point structure of space-time.


Quantum gravity; octonionic coordinate geometry; standard model; mass ratios; trace dynamics; non-commutative geometry; spontaneous localisation; Clifford algebras; exceptional Jordan algebra


PHYSICAL SCIENCES, General & Theoretical Physics

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 15 July 2022
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: Section V newly added. Gives considerable new insights into the octonionic theory.
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