Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Study on CerAMfacturing of Novel Alumina Aerospike Nozzles by Lithography-based Ceramic Vat Photopolymerization (CerAM VPP)

Version 1 : Received: 20 March 2022 / Approved: 21 March 2022 / Online: 21 March 2022 (07:31:31 CET)

How to cite: Schwarzer-Fischer, E.; Sieder-Katzmann, J.; Abel, J.; Propst, M.; Bach, C.; Scheithauer, U.; Michaelis, A. Study on CerAMfacturing of Novel Alumina Aerospike Nozzles by Lithography-based Ceramic Vat Photopolymerization (CerAM VPP). Preprints 2022, 2022030275 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202203.0275.v1). Schwarzer-Fischer, E.; Sieder-Katzmann, J.; Abel, J.; Propst, M.; Bach, C.; Scheithauer, U.; Michaelis, A. Study on CerAMfacturing of Novel Alumina Aerospike Nozzles by Lithography-based Ceramic Vat Photopolymerization (CerAM VPP). Preprints 2022, 2022030275 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202203.0275.v1).

Abstract

Advanced ceramics are recognized as key enabling materials possessing combinations of properties not achievable in other material classes. They are characterized by very high thermal, chemical and mechanical resistance and also usually have a lower density than metals. These properties predestine ceramics for many different applications, especially space applications.In the aerospace sector aerospike nozzles promise performance and application advantages compared to classic bell nozzles but are also inherently more complex to manufacture due to their shape. AM methods drastically simplify or even enable the fabrication of those complex structures while minimising the number of individual parts. The applicability of ceramic AM (“CerAMfacturing”) on rocket engines and especially nozzles is consequently investigated in the frame of the “MACARONIS” project, a cooperation of the Institute of Aerospace Engineering at Technische Universität Dresden and the Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies and Systems (IKTS) in Dresden. The goal is to develop novel large size aerospike thrust nozzles including areas of highest resolution and fineness. Finding a suitable AM process that enables the realisation of both aspects is extremely challenging. One possibility could be the hybridization of shaping methods, in that case CerAM VPP (ceramic additive manufacturing via vat photopolymerization) and CerAM FFF (ceramic additive manufacturing via fused filament fabrication) in combination with sinter joining. This contribution focuses on the high resolution CerAM VPP process, in particular the development, characterization and testing of a new photoreactive Al2O3 suspension validated by AM of novel aerospike nozzles.

Keywords

alumina; Additive Manufacturing (AM); CerAMfacturing; vat photopolymerization (VPP); digi-tal light processing (DLP); Lithography-based Ceramic Manufacturing (LCM); cold-gas nozzle; aerospike nozzle

Subject

MATERIALS SCIENCE, General Materials Science

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