Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Needlestick and Sharp Injuries among Hospital Healthcare Workers: An Infection Control Challenge in Saudi Arabia

Version 1 : Received: 2 March 2022 / Approved: 3 March 2022 / Online: 3 March 2022 (08:13:53 CET)

How to cite: Abalkhail, A.; Kabir, R.; Elmosaad, Y.M.; Alwashmi, A.S.S.; Alhumaydhi, F.A.; Alslamah, T.; Almoammar, K.A.; Alsalamah, Y.A.; Mahmud, I. Needlestick and Sharp Injuries among Hospital Healthcare Workers: An Infection Control Challenge in Saudi Arabia. Preprints 2022, 2022030058 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202203.0058.v1). Abalkhail, A.; Kabir, R.; Elmosaad, Y.M.; Alwashmi, A.S.S.; Alhumaydhi, F.A.; Alslamah, T.; Almoammar, K.A.; Alsalamah, Y.A.; Mahmud, I. Needlestick and Sharp Injuries among Hospital Healthcare Workers: An Infection Control Challenge in Saudi Arabia. Preprints 2022, 2022030058 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202203.0058.v1).

Abstract

Needlestick and other sharp injuries (NSIs) are critical occupational hazard for healthcare workers. Exposure to blood and body fluids through NSIs increases the risk of transmission of blood-borne pathogens among them. The objectives of this study were to estimate the one-year incidence of NSIs and investigate its associated factors among the healthcare workers in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted between October and November 2021. A total of 361 healthcare workers participated in the survey from all over Saudi Arabia. The one-year incidence of NSIs among healthcare workers is estimated at 22.2%. More than half of the injury event (53.8%) was not reported to the authority by the healthcare worker. Incidence of NSIs was highest among the physicians (36%) and is followed by nurses (34.8%), dentists (29.2%), and medical technologists (21.1%). The likelihood of injury is higher (OR: 2.51; 95% CI: 1.04, 6.03) among the works aged 26 – 30 years compared to the 20 – 25 years age group and the workers directly deal with needles or other sharp objects while working (OR: 5.90; 2.69, 12.97). The high incidence rate of injury and low reporting rate highlight the needs of an education program targeting healthcare providers with higher risk.

Keywords

Needlestick and other sharp injuries; hospital-acquired infection; biological hazards; infection control; occupational hazards

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Nursing & Health Studies

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