Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Effect of Pressotherapy on Performance and Recovery in the Management of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Version 1 : Received: 21 February 2022 / Approved: 22 February 2022 / Online: 22 February 2022 (11:33:53 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Wiśniowski, P.; Cieśliński, M.; Jarocka, M.; Kasiak, P.S.; Makaruk, B.; Pawliczek, W.; Wiecha, S. The Effect of Pressotherapy on Performance and Recovery in the Management of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11, 2077. Wiśniowski, P.; Cieśliński, M.; Jarocka, M.; Kasiak, P.S.; Makaruk, B.; Pawliczek, W.; Wiecha, S. The Effect of Pressotherapy on Performance and Recovery in the Management of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11, 2077.

Journal reference: J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11, 2077
DOI: 10.3390/jcm11082077

Abstract

Background: It has been demonstrated that pressotherapy used post-exercise (Po-E) can influence training performance, recovery, and physiological properties. This study examined the effec-tiveness of pressotherapy on these parameters. Methods: The systematic review and meta-analysis were performed according to PRISMA guidelines. A literature search of MEDLINE, PubMed, EBSCO, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus and ClinicalTrials has been done up to March 2021. Inclusion criteria were: randomized control trials (RCTs) or cross-over studies, mean participant age be-tween 18-65 yrs., ≥ 1 exercise mechanical pressotherapy intervention. The risk of bias was assessed by the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for RCT (RoB 2.0). Results: 12 studies comprised of 322 partici-pants have been selected. The mean sample size was n = 25. Pressotherapy significantly reduce muscle soreness(Standard Mean Difference;SMD= -0.33; CI = -0.49, -0.18; p < 0.0001; I2 = 7%). Pres-sotherapy did not significantly affect jump height (SMD = -0.04; CI =-0.36, -0.29; p = 0.82). Presso-therapy did not significantly affect creatine kinase level 24-96h after DOMS induction (SMD = 0.41; CI = -0.07, 0.89; p = 0.09; I2 = 63%). Conclusions: Only moderate benefits of using pressotherapy as a recovery intervention have been observed. Results varied between the type of exercise and used protocol. Pressotherapy should only be applied as an additional component of a more compre-hensive recovery strategy. Study PROSPERO registration number- CRD42020189382.

Keywords

pressotherapy; compression; regeneration; DOMS

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Sport Sciences & Therapy

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