Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Provider-Patient Interactions as Predictors of Lifestyle Behaviors Related to the Prevention and Management of Diabetes

Version 1 : Received: 14 February 2022 / Approved: 15 February 2022 / Online: 15 February 2022 (09:20:36 CET)

How to cite: Robles, B.; Kuo, T. Provider-Patient Interactions as Predictors of Lifestyle Behaviors Related to the Prevention and Management of Diabetes. Preprints 2022, 2022020184 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202202.0184.v1). Robles, B.; Kuo, T. Provider-Patient Interactions as Predictors of Lifestyle Behaviors Related to the Prevention and Management of Diabetes. Preprints 2022, 2022020184 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202202.0184.v1).

Abstract

Growing evidence suggests that healthcare provider advice may increase tobacco cessation, reduce alcohol use, and improve the adoption of desirable lifestyle behaviors among patients. However, how brief interventions and other provider-patient interactions can shape cumulative adoption of multiple modifiable behaviors is less well studied for diabetes prevention and control. Using weighted internet panel survey data from a large socio-demographically diverse urban population in the United States (n=1,003), the present study describes differences in group characteristics among those who had been “ever diagnosed” with prediabetes/diabetes versus those who had not. It also examines the associations between the cumulative adoption of lifestyle behaviors and each of the following: a) lifetime prediabetes/diabetes diagnosis; b) brief lifestyle intervention exposure (i.e., received provider advice/encouragement); and c) recent provider-patient communication about diabetes. There were several group differences in “ever diagnosed” prediabetes/diabetes status by age, employment status, health status, nutrition knowledge, blood pressure/hypertension diagnosis, and diabetes-related health behaviors (p<0.05). Each of the three provider-patient interactions of interest were positively associated with a higher cumulative sum of adopted modifiable lifestyle behaviors for diabetes prevention and management. Results suggest that provider advice/provider-patient interactions of any type can have a salutary impact on whether individuals with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes will engage in recommended lifestyle behavior modifications.

Keywords

type 2 diabetes; lifestyle behaviors; healthcare provider advice; provider-patient interactions; health care setting; brief lifestyle intervention exposure; diabetes prevention; diabetes management

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Nutrition

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