Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Role of Quasi-Stationary Waves in Annual Cycle in Mid-Latitude Stratospheric and Mesospheric Ozone in 2011-2020

Version 1 : Received: 13 February 2022 / Approved: 14 February 2022 / Online: 14 February 2022 (14:05:03 CET)

How to cite: Zhang, C.; Evtushevsky, O.; Milinevsky, G.; Andrienko, Y.; Shulga, V.; Han, W.; Shi, Y. The Role of Quasi-Stationary Waves in Annual Cycle in Mid-Latitude Stratospheric and Mesospheric Ozone in 2011-2020. Preprints 2022, 2022020177 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202202.0177.v1). Zhang, C.; Evtushevsky, O.; Milinevsky, G.; Andrienko, Y.; Shulga, V.; Han, W.; Shi, Y. The Role of Quasi-Stationary Waves in Annual Cycle in Mid-Latitude Stratospheric and Mesospheric Ozone in 2011-2020. Preprints 2022, 2022020177 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202202.0177.v1).

Abstract

The purpose of this work is to study quasi-stationary wave structure in the mid-latitude stratosphere and mesosphere (40–50°N) and its role in the formation of the annual ozone cycle. Geopotential height and ozone from Aura MLS data are used and winter climatology for January–February 2011–2020 is considered. More closely examined is the 10-degree longitude segment centered on Longfengshan Brewer station, China, and located in the region of the Aleutian Low influence associated with the quasi-stationary zonal maximum of total ozone. Annual and semi-annual oscillations in ozone were compared using units of ozone volume mixing ratio and concentration, as well as changes in ozone peak altitude and in time series of ozone at individual pressure levels between 316 hPa (9 km) and 0.001 hPa (96 km). The ozone maximum in the vertical profile is higher in volume mixing ratio (VMR) values than in concentration by about 15 km (5 km) in the stratosphere (mesosphere), in consistency with some previous studies. We found that the properties of the annual cycle are better resolved in the altitude range of the main ozone maximum: middle–upper stratosphere in VMR and lower stratosphere in concentration. Both approaches reveal SAO/AO-related changes in the of ozone peak altitudes in a range of 4–6 km during the year. In the lower-stratospheric ozone of the Longfengshan domain, an earlier development of the annual cycle takes place with a maximum in February and a minimum in August compared to spring and autumn, respectively, in zonal means. This is presumably due to the higher rate of dynamical ozone accumulation in the region of the quasi-stationary zonal ozone maximum. The “no-annual-cycle” transition layers are found in the stratosphere and mesosphere. These layers with undisturbed ozone volume mixing ratio throughout the year are of interest for more detailed future study.

Keywords

quasi-stationary wave; stratosphere; mesosphere; westward phase tilt; geopotential height; ozone; annual and semi-annual oscillation

Subject

EARTH SCIENCES, Atmospheric Science

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