Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Obesity Risk Factor Variation Based on Islands Cluster: A Secondary Analysis of Indonesian Basic Health Research 2018

Version 1 : Received: 26 January 2022 / Approved: 27 January 2022 / Online: 27 January 2022 (06:53:58 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Thamrin, A., Sri; Arsyad, D.S.; Kuswanto, H.; Lawi, A.; Arundhana, A.I. Obesity Risk-Factor Variation Based on Island Clusters: A Secondary Analysis of Indonesian Basic Health Research 2018. Nutrients 2022, 14, 971. Thamrin, A., Sri; Arsyad, D.S.; Kuswanto, H.; Lawi, A.; Arundhana, A.I. Obesity Risk-Factor Variation Based on Island Clusters: A Secondary Analysis of Indonesian Basic Health Research 2018. Nutrients 2022, 14, 971.

Journal reference: Nutrients 2022, 14, 971
DOI: 10.3390/nu14050971

Abstract

Obesity has become a rising global health problem affecting adults’ quality of life. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of obesity in Indonesian adults based on the cluster of islands. The study was also aimed to identify the risk factors of obesity in each island cluster. This study analysed secondary data of Indonesian Basic Health Research 2018. Our data for analysis comprised 688,638 adults (>=15 years) randomly selected using proportionate to population size throughout Indonesia. We included 20 variables for sociodemographic and obesity-related risk factors for analysis. Obese status was defined using Body Mass Index (BMI) >= 27.5 kg/m2. Our current study defined seven major islands cluster as the unit analysis consisting of 34 provinces in Indonesia. Descriptive analysis was conducted to determine the characteristics of the population and to calculate the prevalence of obesity within provinces in each of the island’s clusters. Multivariate logistic regression analyses to calculate odds ratios (ORs) was performed using R version 3.6.3. The study results showed that all island clusters had at least one province with an obesity prevalence of more than 20%. Six out of twenty variables, comprising four diet factors (consumption of sweet food, high-salt food, meat food, and carbonated drinks) and two other factors (mental health disorders and smoking behaviour), varied across the island clusters. In conclusion, there was a variation of obesity prevalence of the provinces within and between island clusters. Variation of risk factors raised in each cluster island suggested the government rethink and reframe the intervention to address obesity.

Keywords

Indonesia; islands cluster; multiple logistic regression; obesity; risk factor

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Nursing & Health Studies

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.