Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Why And How Indo-mediterranean Diet, May Be Superior To Other Diets? The Role Of Antioxidants In The Diets

Version 1 : Received: 24 January 2022 / Approved: 25 January 2022 / Online: 25 January 2022 (09:54:12 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Singh, R.B.; Fedacko, J.; Fatima, G.; Magamedova, A.; Watanabe, S.; Elkilany, G. Why and How the Indo-Mediterranean Diet May Be Superior to Other Diets: The Role of Antioxidants in the Diet. Nutrients 2022, 14, 898. Singh, R.B.; Fedacko, J.; Fatima, G.; Magamedova, A.; Watanabe, S.; Elkilany, G. Why and How the Indo-Mediterranean Diet May Be Superior to Other Diets: The Role of Antioxidants in the Diet. Nutrients 2022, 14, 898.

Journal reference: Nutrients 2022, 14, 898
DOI: 10.3390/nu14040898

Abstract

The Seven Country study showed that traditional Japanese diet and Mediterranean diets are protective against cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Japanese diet is considered the healthiest because it provides highest longevity and health to Japanese. DASH diet and Mediterranean style diets are also considered the healthy diets, although, it is possible that Indo-Mediterranean style diet may provide better protective effects among patients with CVDs, compared to other diets. The concept of Indo-Mediterranean type of diets was developed, after examining its role in the prevention of CVDs in India, the value of which was confirmed by a landmark study from France; The Lyon Heart Study. These workers found that eating alpha-linolenic acid rich Mediterranean style diet can cause significant decline in CVDs and all-cause mortality. Later on in 2018, PREDIMED Study from Spain also reported that a modified Mediterranean style diet can cause significant decline in CVDs, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cancer. The Indo-Mediterranean diet may be superior to DASH diet and Mediterranean diet because it contains millets, porridge, beans and spices; turmeric, cumin, fenugreek and coriander which may have better anti-inflammatory and cardio-protective effects. These foods are rich sources of nutrients; flavonoids, calcium and iron as well as proteins which are useful in the prevention of under as well as over-nutrition and related diseases. It is known that DASH diet and Mediterranean style diets have similar influence on CVDs. However, Indo-Mediterranean style diet, may be as good as Japanese diet, due to improved food diversity and high content of antioxidants in the diets.

Keywords

Mediterranean diet; DASH diet; vegetables; fruits; hypertension; diabetes

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Nutrition

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