Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Temporal and Spatial Analysis of Coastal Water Quality to Support Application of Witheleg Shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei Intensive Pond Technology

Version 1 : Received: 14 January 2022 / Approved: 17 January 2022 / Online: 17 January 2022 (15:14:47 CET)

How to cite: Mustafa, A. Temporal and Spatial Analysis of Coastal Water Quality to Support Application of Witheleg Shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei Intensive Pond Technology. Preprints 2022, 2022010235 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202201.0235.v1). Mustafa, A. Temporal and Spatial Analysis of Coastal Water Quality to Support Application of Witheleg Shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei Intensive Pond Technology. Preprints 2022, 2022010235 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202201.0235.v1).

Abstract

Bulukumba Regency, South Sulawesi, Indonesia is one of the centres for whiteleg shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei production that applies intensive technology. However, no information has been obtained regarding the characteristics and status of water quality in coastal areas with environmentally friendly concepts and the potential to receive a waste load. The study aimed to determine the performance of whiteleg shrimp culture in relation to temporal and spatial aspects and characteristic and water quality status. Measurement and sampling of water were carried out before stocking/initial of culture whiteleg shrimp (rainy season) and end of culture/after harvesting of whiteleg shrimp (dry season) at two locations in the coastal area of ​​Bulukumba Regency, namely Bonto Bahari Subdistrict (BB) and Gantarang Subdistrict (GT). Variables measured and analyzed included temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrate, nitrite, ammonia, phosphate, total suspended solids, and total organic matter. Data analysis with descriptive statistics, multivariate statistics, and non-parametric statistics. The Storet (Storage and Retrieval) method was used to determine the water quality status. The results showed that the culture of whiteleg shrimp was technology-intensive with a stocking density of 110 - 220 ind/m2 with productivity between 13.9 - 44.4 tons/ha/cycle. The predicted waste load of N is 28.00 tons/cycle and P reaches 6.61 tons/cycle. Another result was that changes in water quality status during the rainy season were classified as moderately polluted at the BB location and complying quality standards at the GT location, while in the dry season, both locations were categorized as heavily polluted. Variables of water quality that caused the decrease in water quality status in both locations (BB and GT) were observed to increase salinity, nitrate concentration, and ammonia concentration. However, there was a decrease in dissolved oxygen concentration in the dry season.

Keywords

Characteristics; water quality; coastal areas; intensive technology; Litopenaeus vannamei

Subject

EARTH SCIENCES, Environmental Sciences

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