Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

WASH Practices and Its Association With Disease and Nutritional Status of Under Five Children: Evidence From Rural Bangladesh

Version 1 : Received: 10 January 2022 / Approved: 13 January 2022 / Online: 13 January 2022 (11:04:48 CET)

How to cite: Kuddus, M.A.; Sunny, A.R.; Rahman, M. WASH Practices and Its Association With Disease and Nutritional Status of Under Five Children: Evidence From Rural Bangladesh. Preprints 2022, 2022010187 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202201.0187.v1). Kuddus, M.A.; Sunny, A.R.; Rahman, M. WASH Practices and Its Association With Disease and Nutritional Status of Under Five Children: Evidence From Rural Bangladesh. Preprints 2022, 2022010187 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202201.0187.v1).

Abstract

This study aimed to assess knowledge and practice of caregivers and its relationship to the disease and nutritional status of children under five years of age in rural areas of Sylhet, Bangladesh. A total of 110 households having 6 to 59 months aged children was selected by simple random method from ten rural communities of three Upazila of Sylhet during September 2019 to February 2020. Descriptive statistics were used to assess the WASH knowledge & practice and multivariate chi-square analyses were performed to assess associations among diseases & nutritional status with WASH following a structured questionnaire. The study found a significant association of WASH with childhood disease and nutritional status, and 65% of children were found to be in a diseased state and 35% of children were found to be in a disease-free state within the last six months. The findings sketched that mother with poor wash knowledge and practice was at greater risk for disease outbreaks, disease frequency and duration. The highest incidence of diarrhea was 17% in children aged 12 to 23 months. Significant effect of WASH was also found in children nutrition status, that was reflected in the ratio of stunted, underweight and wasted children. Integrated convergent work focusing on the provision of clean water within the household, stop open defecation, promotion of hand washing, behavior change and poverty alleviation is needed to improve the situation. Health, nutrition and livelihood programs should be uninterrupted, and mothers or caregivers should be encouraged to participate in these programs.

Keywords

WASH; Hygiene; Sanitation; Under-five children; Nutrition status; Bangladesh

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Nutrition

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