Distefano, R.; Nigita, G.; Le, P.; Romano, G.; Acunzo, M.; Nana-Sinkam, P. Disparities in Lung Cancer: miRNA Isoform Characterization in Lung Adenocarcinoma. Cancers2022, 14, 773.
Distefano, R.; Nigita, G.; Le, P.; Romano, G.; Acunzo, M.; Nana-Sinkam, P. Disparities in Lung Cancer: miRNA Isoform Characterization in Lung Adenocarcinoma. Cancers 2022, 14, 773.
Despite the development of targeted therapeutics, immunotherapy, and strategies for early detection, lung cancer carries a high mortality. Further, significant racial disparities in outcomes exist for which the molecular drivers have yet to be fully elucidated. The growing field of Epitranscriptomics has introduced a new layer of complexity to the molecular pathogenesis of cancer. RNA modifications can occur in coding and non-coding RNAs, such as miRNAs, possibly altering their gene regulatory function. The potential role for such modifications as clinically informative biomarkers remains largely unknown. Here, we concurrently profiled canonical miRNAs, shifted isomiRs (templated and non-templated), miRNAs with single-point modification events (RNA and DNA) in White American (W) and Black or African American (B/AA) lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patients. We found that while most deregulated miRNA isoforms were similar in W and B/AA LUAD tissues compared to normal adjacent tissues, there was a subgroup of isoforms with deregulation according to race. We specifically investigated an edited miRNA, miR-151a-3p with an A-to-I editing event at position 3, to determine how its altered expression may be associated with activation of divergent biological pathways between W and B/AA LUAD patients. Finally, we identified distinct race-specific miRNA isoforms that correlated with prognosis for both Ws and B/AAs. Our results suggest that concurrently profiling canonical and non-canonical miRNAs may have potential as a strategy for identifying additional distinct biological pathways and biomarkers in lung cancer.
Biology and Life Sciences, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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