Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Assessing the Wall-To-Wall Spatial and Qualitative Dynamics of the Brazilian Pasturelands, between 2010 and 2018, Based on the Analysis of the Landsat Data Archive

Version 1 : Received: 17 December 2021 / Approved: 29 December 2021 / Online: 29 December 2021 (12:54:56 CET)

How to cite: Oliveira-Santos, C.; Mesquita, V.V.; Parente, L.L.; Pinto, A.D.S.; Ferreira, L.G. Assessing the Wall-To-Wall Spatial and Qualitative Dynamics of the Brazilian Pasturelands, between 2010 and 2018, Based on the Analysis of the Landsat Data Archive. Preprints 2021, 2021120467 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0467.v1). Oliveira-Santos, C.; Mesquita, V.V.; Parente, L.L.; Pinto, A.D.S.; Ferreira, L.G. Assessing the Wall-To-Wall Spatial and Qualitative Dynamics of the Brazilian Pasturelands, between 2010 and 2018, Based on the Analysis of the Landsat Data Archive. Preprints 2021, 2021120467 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0467.v1).

Abstract

The Brazilian livestock is predominantly extensive, with approximately 90% of the production being sustained on pasture, which occupies around 20% of the territory. In the current climate change scenario and where cropland is becoming a limited resource, there is a growing need for a more efficient land use and occupation. It is estimated that more than half of the Brazilian pastures have some level of degradation; however there is still no mapping of the quality of pastures on a national scale. In this study, we mapped and evaluated the spatio-temporal dynamics of pasture quality in Brazil, between 2010 and 2018, considering three classes of degradation: Absent (D0), Intermediate (D1), and Severe (D2). There was no variation in the total area occupied by pastures in the evaluated period, in spite of the accentuated spatial dynamics, with a retraction in the center-south and expansion to the north, over areas of ​​native vegetation. The percentage of non-degraded pastures increased ~12%, due to the recovery of degraded areas and the emergence of new pasture areas as a result of the prevailing spatial dynamics. However, about 44 Mha of the pasture area is currently severely degraded. The dynamics in pasture quality were not homogeneous in property size classes. We observed that in the approximately 2.68 million properties with livestock activity, the proportion with quality gains was twice as low in small properties compared to large ones, and the proportion with losses was three times greater, showing an increase in inequality between properties with more and less resources (large and small, respectively). The areas occupied by pastures in Brazil present an unique opportunity to increase livestock production and make available areas for agriculture, without the need for new deforestation in the coming decades.

Keywords

landsat; pasture degradation; brazilian pasturelands dynamics; low carbon agriculture

Subject

EARTH SCIENCES, Environmental Sciences

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