Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Assessing Accessibility of Footpath-Level Walkability in Old Core Cities of India for Promoting Universal Mobility through Architectural Planning Research: Case Study of Central Kolkata, India

Version 1 : Received: 19 December 2021 / Approved: 24 December 2021 / Online: 24 December 2021 (23:22:11 CET)

How to cite: DAS MAHAPATRA, G.; Mori, S.; Nomura, R. Assessing Accessibility of Footpath-Level Walkability in Old Core Cities of India for Promoting Universal Mobility through Architectural Planning Research: Case Study of Central Kolkata, India. Preprints 2021, 2021120412 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0412.v1). DAS MAHAPATRA, G.; Mori, S.; Nomura, R. Assessing Accessibility of Footpath-Level Walkability in Old Core Cities of India for Promoting Universal Mobility through Architectural Planning Research: Case Study of Central Kolkata, India. Preprints 2021, 2021120412 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0412.v1).

Abstract

In this research, the accessibility in the footpath-level walkability condition of old core cities of India has been assessed, considering Central Kolkata, India as a case. Post-2015, after the implementation of Goal Number 11 of United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (i.e. Sustainable Cities and Communities), the significance of universal mobility has globally manifolded in the walkability sector. This research has been done in theoretical, ideological, and methodological patterns using Architectural Planning Research for promoting Universal Mobility in old Indian cities. The variables (categorical) used in this research are related to pedestrian infrastructure. The categorical variables are: 1) Building Typology of Stretch, 2) Footpath Dimensions, 3) Temporary Encroachment, 4) Permanent Encroachment, 5) Bus Stop, 6) Metro Rail Entrance, 7) Railings, 8) Storm Water Drains, 9) Public Toilet, 10) Trash Bins, 11) Street Lights, 12) Flooring, 13) Manholes, 14) Kerb, 15) Pedestrian Crossing, 16) Street Furniture, 17) Safety and Security, and 18) Additional Inclusive Features like signage. This research shows that the footpath stretches in Central Kolkata, India are inadequate in terms of ideal accessibility. In addition to this, the result of this research portrays complexities in the adaptability of accessible walkability-related considerations; thereby suggesting a new accessibility audit format for old core Indian cities for achieving Universal Mobility standards in the future. The authors also propose quantitative methods to conduct future research in the same domain.

Keywords

Walkability; Central Kolkata; Accessibility, Universal Mobility; Architectural Planning Research; Accessibility Audit

Subject

ENGINEERING, Other

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