Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Energy Performance Simulation in Buildings Composed of Natural and Organic Materials Within the Moroccan Rural Areas of the Atlas Mountains

Version 1 : Received: 21 December 2021 / Approved: 23 December 2021 / Online: 23 December 2021 (11:48:08 CET)
(This article belongs to the Research Topic Ecofriendly Materials)

How to cite: Es-sebyty, H.; Abbi, B.; Ferretti, E.; Igouzal, M. Energy Performance Simulation in Buildings Composed of Natural and Organic Materials Within the Moroccan Rural Areas of the Atlas Mountains. Preprints 2021, 2021120386 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0386.v1). Es-sebyty, H.; Abbi, B.; Ferretti, E.; Igouzal, M. Energy Performance Simulation in Buildings Composed of Natural and Organic Materials Within the Moroccan Rural Areas of the Atlas Mountains. Preprints 2021, 2021120386 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0386.v1).

Abstract

The construction field uses up over one-third of the global energy consumption and contribute to 40% of CO2 emissions according to the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the 2020 annual reporter of United Nation, Goal 11 (Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable) which discusses sustainable, safe and efficient buildings. Therefore, Morocco has a commitment to this program by publishing the law 47-09 of energy efficiency. This work aims to study the energy efficiency of two types of building, a conventional and a natural building. Conventional building is constructed using concrete, while the natural one uses sand clay and straws. As for the technique of making the natural building, it perpetually follows the same approach accustomed in rural zones of Atlas Mountains in Morocco. In this research we also simulate, temperature and humidity variation inside these buildings using TRNSYS software. Sketch Up software was employed to design these houses. The weather database is used for a typical meteorological year (TMY). In the case of natural building, many building configurations were simulated: roof insulation, floor insulation, different types of glazing and sun protection. What's more, the thermal comfort is revealed to be more conspicuous in the case of natural building.

Keywords

energy efficiency; natural building; conventional building; TRNSYS software; temperature; humidity; energy consumption

Subject

ENGINEERING, Civil Engineering

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