Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Self-sufficiency Assessment: Defining the Foodshed Spatial Signature of Short Beef Supply Chains

Version 1 : Received: 14 December 2021 / Approved: 17 December 2021 / Online: 17 December 2021 (11:37:50 CET)

How to cite: Mouléry, M.; Sanz Sanz, E.; Debolini, M.; Napoleone, C.; Josselin, D.; Mabire, L.; Vicente-Vicente, J. Self-sufficiency Assessment: Defining the Foodshed Spatial Signature of Short Beef Supply Chains. Preprints 2021, 2021120287 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0287.v1). Mouléry, M.; Sanz Sanz, E.; Debolini, M.; Napoleone, C.; Josselin, D.; Mabire, L.; Vicente-Vicente, J. Self-sufficiency Assessment: Defining the Foodshed Spatial Signature of Short Beef Supply Chains. Preprints 2021, 2021120287 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0287.v1).

Abstract

: Foodshed approaches allow the assessment of the theoretical food self-sufficiency capacity of a specific region based on biophysical conditions. Recent analyses show that the focus needs to be shifted from foodshed size portrayed as an isotropic circle to a commodity-group-specific spatial configuration of the foodshed that takes into account the socio-economic and biophysical conditions essential to the development of local food supply chains. We focus on a specific animal product (beef) and use an innovative modeling approach based on spatial analysis to detect the areas of the foodshed dedicated to beef feeding (forage, pasture, and grassland), considering the foodshed as a complex of complementary areas called an archipelago. We use available statistical data including a census to address the city-region of Avignon (France) covering a 100 km radius. Our results show that the factors driving the use of short supply chains for beef feeding areas are the foodshed archipelago’s number of patches, the connectivity between them, and the rugosity of the boundaries. In addition, our beef self-sufficiency assessment results differ depending on geographical context. For instance, being located within the perimeters of a nature park seems to help orient beef production towards short supply chains. We discuss possible leverage for public action to reconnect beef production areas to consumption areas (the city) via short supply chains (e.g. green, home-grown school food programs) so as to increase local food security through increased local food self-sufficiency.

Keywords

foodshed archipelago; proximity food supply chains; spatial signature; city-region; food self-sufficiency; regional food security; agricultural diversification; food planning; regional food system; food policy

Subject

EARTH SCIENCES, Environmental Sciences

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