Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Model-Based Dynamic Performance Simulation of a Microturbine

Version 1 : Received: 14 December 2021 / Approved: 16 December 2021 / Online: 16 December 2021 (16:10:05 CET)

How to cite: Erario, M.L.; De Giorgi, M.G.; Przysowa, R. Model-Based Dynamic Performance Simulation of a Microturbine. Preprints 2021, 2021120281 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0281.v1). Erario, M.L.; De Giorgi, M.G.; Przysowa, R. Model-Based Dynamic Performance Simulation of a Microturbine. Preprints 2021, 2021120281 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0281.v1).

Abstract

Microturbines can be used not only in models and education but also to propel UAVs. However, their wider adoption is limited by their relatively low efficiency and durability. Validated simulation models are required to monitor their performance, improve their lifetime, and design engine control systems. This study aims at developing a numerical model of a micro gas turbine for prediction and prognostics of engine performance. To build a reliable zero-dimensional model, the available compressor and turbine maps were scaled to the available test bench data with the least squares method, to meet the performance of the engine achieved during bench and flight tests. A steady-state aeroengine model was implemented in GSP and compared with experimental operating points. The selected flight data was then used as input for the transient engine model. The exhaust gas temperature (EGT) and fuel flow were chosen as the two key parameters to validate the model, comparing the numerical predicted values with the experimental ones. The observed difference between the model and the flight data was lower than 3% for both EGT and fuel flow.

Keywords

microturbine; turbojet; component maps; map scaling; off-design; transient simulation; aerial target; unmanned aerial vehicle; flight data; digital twin

Subject

ENGINEERING, Control & Systems Engineering

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