Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Integrated Watershed Management Framework and Groundwater Resources in Africa- A Review of West Africa Sub-region

Version 1 : Received: 14 December 2021 / Approved: 16 December 2021 / Online: 16 December 2021 (08:10:06 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Tang, X.; Adesina, J.A. Integrated Watershed Management Framework and Groundwater Resources in Africa—A Review of West Africa Sub-Region. Water 2022, 14, 288. Tang, X.; Adesina, J.A. Integrated Watershed Management Framework and Groundwater Resources in Africa—A Review of West Africa Sub-Region. Water 2022, 14, 288.

Journal reference: Water 2022, 14, 288
DOI: 10.3390/w14030288

Abstract

Human activities mostly impact the trend and direction of surface water, groundwater, and other river basin resources in the watershed in Africa. Human activities influence river flows and the water quality at both highlands and lowlands. A watershed is indeed a conserved area of land that collects rain and snow and empties or penetrates into ground water sources. The act of managing the activities around the watershed is the Integrated Watershed Management while considering the social, economic, and environmental issues, as well as community interests to manage water resources sustainably. These watersheds, river basins, and groundwater resources provide important services for communities and biodiversity. This paper reveals that the best way to protect groundwater resources is on a watershed basis using IWM. This technique enables us to handle a variety of concerns and objectives while also allowing us to plan in a complicated and uncertain environment. IWM involves cooperation and participation from a wide range of community interests and water users, including municipalities, companies, people, agencies, and landowners, for stakeholders' input to be successful. All of the strategies and plans are produced concerning one another, as well as the overall conditions of the watershed, local land uses, and specific issues.

Keywords

Africa; Biodiversity; Groundwater Resources; Integrated Watershed Management; River Basin

Subject

EARTH SCIENCES, Environmental Sciences

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