Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect of Dietary Protein Levels on Growth Performance, Hematological Parameters and Digestive Enzymes in Juveniles of Brycon amazonicus (Spix & Agassiz, 1829)

Version 1 : Received: 2 December 2021 / Approved: 8 December 2021 / Online: 8 December 2021 (14:22:24 CET)

How to cite: Leite, A.C.V.; Pantoja-Lima, J.; Paulino, R.R.; Bussons, M.R.F.M.; Gimbo, R.Y.; Duncan, W.L.P.; Aride, P.H.R.; Faggio, C.; Oliveira, A.T.; Mattos, B.O. Effect of Dietary Protein Levels on Growth Performance, Hematological Parameters and Digestive Enzymes in Juveniles of Brycon amazonicus (Spix & Agassiz, 1829). Preprints 2021, 2021120131 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0131.v1). Leite, A.C.V.; Pantoja-Lima, J.; Paulino, R.R.; Bussons, M.R.F.M.; Gimbo, R.Y.; Duncan, W.L.P.; Aride, P.H.R.; Faggio, C.; Oliveira, A.T.; Mattos, B.O. Effect of Dietary Protein Levels on Growth Performance, Hematological Parameters and Digestive Enzymes in Juveniles of Brycon amazonicus (Spix & Agassiz, 1829). Preprints 2021, 2021120131 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202112.0131.v1).

Abstract

A 52-day experiment was conducted to determine the crude protein (CP) requirements of juvenile matrinxã Brycon amazonicus, and to evaluate their resulting growth performance, hematological parameters and enzymatic activities. Sixty fish (29.03g ± 1.16g) were distributed in 12 tanks (310 L) with a completely randomized design, and maintained at four dietary crude protein levels (270, 320, 350, 390 g.kg-1) for 52 days. The results revealed that the fish fed diet 390 g.kg-1 CP had the best final weight, weight gain, feed conversion ratio, specific growth rate, protein efficiency ratio and lipid retention rate. The same could be stated for hematocrit, number of circulating erythrocytes, triglycerides and total proteins of the hematological profile (p<0.05). In the whole body composition, dry matter content was lower in the fish fed 390 g.kg-1 CP, while lipid content was higher in the fish fed 350-390 g.kg-1 CP (p<0.05). No differences were observed in CP and ash (p>0.05), or in the activities of digestive enzymes (p>0.05). In short, our findings suggest benefits of the 390 g.kg-1 CP feed for being the most adequate for this species’ juvenile stage.

Keywords

feed formulation; protein requirement; nutrition

Subject

BIOLOGY, Other

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