Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Estimation of Intake of Critical Nutrients Associated with Noncommunicable Diseases According to the PAHO/WHO Criteria in the Diet of School-Age Children in Montevideo, Uruguay

Version 1 : Received: 1 December 2021 / Approved: 3 December 2021 / Online: 3 December 2021 (14:57:38 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Köncke, F.; Toledo, C.; Berón, C.; Klaczko, I.; Carriquiry, A.; Cediel, G.; Gomes, F.S. Estimation of Intake of Critical Nutrients Associated with Noncommunicable Diseases According to the PAHO/WHO Criteria in the Diet of School-Age Children in Montevideo, Uruguay. Nutrients 2022, 14, 528. Köncke, F.; Toledo, C.; Berón, C.; Klaczko, I.; Carriquiry, A.; Cediel, G.; Gomes, F.S. Estimation of Intake of Critical Nutrients Associated with Noncommunicable Diseases According to the PAHO/WHO Criteria in the Diet of School-Age Children in Montevideo, Uruguay. Nutrients 2022, 14, 528.

Journal reference: Nutrients 2022, 14, 528
DOI: 10.3390/nu14030528

Abstract

Unhealthy diet is an important health problem in the region of the Americas, and Uruguay does not escape this reality. Nutritional problems in Uruguayan school-age children are overweight and obesity. Caloric intake is excessive for 60% of children and 28% of calories come from ultra-processed products (UPP) [CODICEN 2021] [MIDES 2020) (Köncke, Toledo, 2021). In 2018, an evaluation of food intake was conducted in a representative sample of public schools in the city of Montevideo. Food and preparations were categorized according to the NOVA system, later they were analyzed according to the Pan American Health Oganization nutrient profile model (PAHO NPM). Only 0.52% of children consumed exclusively natural foods, unprocessed, minimally processed or culinary ingredients. Twenty-five percent of children consumed ≥ 4 products categorized with excessive content of free sugars, total fat or saturated fat according to the PAHO NPM; in the case of excessive sodium this was 40%. In general, children who included products with excessive free sugars, sodium or saturated fat in their diet exceeded the limits established by PAHO and as a result their diet is of poorer nutritional quality compared to children who did not consume such products.

Keywords

ultra-processed products; school feeding; nutrient profiling model

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Nutrition

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