Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Influence of No-Till Practices on the Organic Matter Chemical Composition of Protocalcic, Endocalcic and Pantocalcic Chernozems

Version 1 : Received: 23 November 2021 / Approved: 25 November 2021 / Online: 25 November 2021 (12:53:08 CET)

How to cite: Kholodov, V.A.; Farkhodov, Y.R.; Yaroslavtseva, N.V.; Maximovich, S.V.; Yudin, S.A.; Ermolaev, N.R.; Dridiger, V.K.; Ilyin, B.S.; Lazarev, V.I.; Belobrov, V.P. Influence of No-Till Practices on the Organic Matter Chemical Composition of Protocalcic, Endocalcic and Pantocalcic Chernozems. Preprints 2021, 2021110475 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0475.v1). Kholodov, V.A.; Farkhodov, Y.R.; Yaroslavtseva, N.V.; Maximovich, S.V.; Yudin, S.A.; Ermolaev, N.R.; Dridiger, V.K.; Ilyin, B.S.; Lazarev, V.I.; Belobrov, V.P. Influence of No-Till Practices on the Organic Matter Chemical Composition of Protocalcic, Endocalcic and Pantocalcic Chernozems. Preprints 2021, 2021110475 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0475.v1).

Abstract

Reducing the amount of precipitation in summer in the Chernozems area alters soil organic matter (SOM). To compensate for the lack of moisture, farmers are introducing new agricultural technologies such as no-till cultivation. In turn, no-till practices influence the composition of SOM. We examined the impacts of the rise of aridity and no-till technology on the chemical composition of bioavailable and recalcitrant pools of OM. The properties of SOM were assessed using double-shot pyrolysis with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The thermolabile substances that are volatilised in the first stage of pyrolysis (300°C) are considered the bioavailable pool. Accordingly, substances are obtained in the second pyrolysis stage (500°C) were attributed to the recalcitrant pool. Identified in both steps of pyrolysis, products were assigned to different chemical groups (lignin-derivative, polysaccharide-fragments, indoles, etc.) and relative abundances were calculated. In work for the separation of substances, a polar column was used for chromatography of the thermolabile fraction. With an increase in aridity in Сhernozems, the content in the bioavailable pool of polysaccharide fragments decreased and the proportion of indoles increased. In the recalcitrant pool, the abundance of six-membered rings with nitrogen and aromatic compounds decreases at the same time the contents of unsubstituted and O-substituted acyclic compounds as well as pyridine increases. The influence of the NT was more noticeable in the recalcitrant OM. The NT practice promotes biological activity and to rich in nitrogen compounds the bioavailable OM; this process contributes to the accumulation of carbon in the recalcitrant OM.

Keywords

Chernozems; No-till; soil organic matter; Calcium; double-shot pyrolysis; GC/MS

Subject

BIOLOGY, Agricultural Sciences & Agronomy

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