Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Genome-guided Discovery of the First Myxobacterial Biarylitide Myxarylin Reveals Distinct C–N Biaryl Crosslinking in RiPP Biosynthesis

Version 1 : Received: 23 November 2021 / Approved: 25 November 2021 / Online: 25 November 2021 (10:42:39 CET)

How to cite: Hug, J.J.; Frank, N.A.; Walt, C.; Šenica, P.; Panter, F.; Müller, R. Genome-guided Discovery of the First Myxobacterial Biarylitide Myxarylin Reveals Distinct C–N Biaryl Crosslinking in RiPP Biosynthesis. Preprints 2021, 2021110467 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0467.v1). Hug, J.J.; Frank, N.A.; Walt, C.; Šenica, P.; Panter, F.; Müller, R. Genome-guided Discovery of the First Myxobacterial Biarylitide Myxarylin Reveals Distinct C–N Biaryl Crosslinking in RiPP Biosynthesis. Preprints 2021, 2021110467 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0467.v1).

Abstract

Ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) are a structurally diverse group of natural products. They feature a wide range of intriguing posttranslational modifications as exemplified by the biarylitides. These are a family of cyclic tripeptides found in Planomonospora, carrying a biaryl-linkage between two aromatic amino acids. Recent genomic analyses revealed the minimal biosynthetic prerequisite of biarylitide biosynthesis consisting of only one ribosomally synthesized pentapeptide precursor as substrate and a modifying cytochrome P450 dependent enzyme. In silico analyses revealed that the minimal biarylitide RiPP clusters are widespread among natural product producers across phylogenetic borders including myxobacteria. We report here the genome-guided discovery of the first myxobacterial biarylitide MeYLH termed Myxarylin from Pyxidicoccus fallax An d48. Myxarylin was found to be an N-methylated tripeptide surprisingly exhibiting a C–N biaryl crosslink. In contrast to Myxarylin, previously isolated biarylitides are N-acetylated tripeptides featuring a C–C biaryl crosslink. Furthermore, the formation of Myxarylin was confirmed by heterologous expression of the identified biosynthetic genes in Myxococcus xanthus DK1622. These findings expand the structural and biosynthetic scope of biarylitide type RiPPs and emphasize the distinct biochemistry found in the myxobacterial realm.

Keywords

myxobacteria; secondary metabolites; biarylitide; natural product discovery; RiPPs; genome mining; myxarylin

Subject

CHEMISTRY, Organic Chemistry

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