Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Highly Adaptive Phenuiviridae with Great Biomedical Importance

Version 1 : Received: 19 November 2021 / Approved: 19 November 2021 / Online: 19 November 2021 (12:33:53 CET)

How to cite: Chen, J.; Sun, M.; Ji, Y.; Li, G.; Chen, R.; Gong, H. Highly Adaptive Phenuiviridae with Great Biomedical Importance. Preprints 2021, 2021110350 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0350.v1). Chen, J.; Sun, M.; Ji, Y.; Li, G.; Chen, R.; Gong, H. Highly Adaptive Phenuiviridae with Great Biomedical Importance. Preprints 2021, 2021110350 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0350.v1).

Abstract

The newly established virus family Phenuiviridae in Bunyavirales harbors viruses infecting three kingdoms of host organisms (animals, plants, and fungi), which is rare in known virus families. Many phenuiviruses are arboviruses and replicate in two distinct hosts (e.g., insects and humans or rice). Multiple phenuiviruses, such as Dabie bandavirus, Rift Valley fever phlebovirus, and Rice stripe tenuivirus, are highly pathogenic to humans, animals, or plants. They impose heavy global burdens on human health, livestock industry, and agriculture and are research hotspots. In recent years the taxonomy of Phenuiviridae has been expanded greatly, and researches on phenuiviruses have made significant progress. With these advances, this review drew a novel panorama regarding the biomedical significance, distribution, morphology, genomics, taxonomy, evolution, replication, transmission, pathogenesis, and control of phenuiviruses, to aid researchers in various fields to recognize this highly adaptive and very important virus family.

Keywords

arbovirus; evolution; genome; host; pathogenesis; Phenuiviridae

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