Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Gypsum Supplies Calcium to Ultisol Soil and Its Effect on Pineapple Growth, Yield and Fruit Quality in Lower Single Bed under Climate Change Issue

Version 1 : Received: 17 November 2021 / Approved: 18 November 2021 / Online: 18 November 2021 (17:31:31 CET)

How to cite: Loekito, S.; Afandi, A.; Afandi, A.; Nishimura, N.; Koyama, H.; Senge, M. Gypsum Supplies Calcium to Ultisol Soil and Its Effect on Pineapple Growth, Yield and Fruit Quality in Lower Single Bed under Climate Change Issue. Preprints 2021, 2021110337 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0337.v1). Loekito, S.; Afandi, A.; Afandi, A.; Nishimura, N.; Koyama, H.; Senge, M. Gypsum Supplies Calcium to Ultisol Soil and Its Effect on Pineapple Growth, Yield and Fruit Quality in Lower Single Bed under Climate Change Issue. Preprints 2021, 2021110337 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0337.v1).

Abstract

Abstract: A lower bed single row for pineapple cultivation could protect pineapple from soil erosion in rainy season and during drought, however, disease problem could arise due to water logging. Two experiments using a lower bed single row was done to understand the ability of gypsum providing soil calcium (Ca) available to pineapple plant, resistance to heart rot disease, and give better effect on crop growth and fruit quality of the pineapple in Ultisol soil. In the first trial, four level dosis of gypsum (0, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 Mg ha-1) and dolomite 2 Mg ha-1 were applied by spreading and incorporated into the soil which have saturated with inoculums of Phytophthora nicotianae. In the second trial, gypsum treatments (0, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 Mg ha-1) were applied in the row between the single row beds as a basic fertilizer. The result showed that P. nicotianae attacked the pineapple plants in all treatments at 6 weeks after planting (WAP), and at 10 WAP, the mortality of dolomite treatment reached 63.8%, significantly different than that for gypsum treatments (3.3-14.3%). In the second experiment, gypsum increased plant weight significantly at 3 until 9 months after planting especially when it was applied 1.5-2.5 Mg ha-1. Fruit texture, total soluble solid (TSS), titratable acidity (TA) were not significant different among the treatment but all meet the standards for grades of canned pineapple. Result showed that soil applied gypsum before planting provides soil calcium and met the plant Ca requirement during a period of early and fast growth step and safe for heart rot disease.

Keywords

Lower bed single row; plant weight; fruit texture; crop growth

Subject

BIOLOGY, Horticulture

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