Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Osteoinductive Moldable and Curable Bone Substitutes Based on Collagen, BMP-2 and Highly Porous Polylactide Granules, or a Mix of HAP/β-TCP

Version 1 : Received: 15 November 2021 / Approved: 16 November 2021 / Online: 16 November 2021 (11:36:48 CET)

How to cite: Vasilyev, A.; Kuznetsova, V.; Bukharova, T.; Osidak, E.; Grigoriev, T.; Zagoskin, Y.; Nedorubova, I.; Domogatsky, S.; Babichenko, I.; Zorina, O.; Kutsev, S.; Chvalun, S.; Kulakov, A.; Losev, F.; Goldshtein, D. Osteoinductive Moldable and Curable Bone Substitutes Based on Collagen, BMP-2 and Highly Porous Polylactide Granules, or a Mix of HAP/β-TCP. Preprints 2021, 2021110288 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0288.v1). Vasilyev, A.; Kuznetsova, V.; Bukharova, T.; Osidak, E.; Grigoriev, T.; Zagoskin, Y.; Nedorubova, I.; Domogatsky, S.; Babichenko, I.; Zorina, O.; Kutsev, S.; Chvalun, S.; Kulakov, A.; Losev, F.; Goldshtein, D. Osteoinductive Moldable and Curable Bone Substitutes Based on Collagen, BMP-2 and Highly Porous Polylactide Granules, or a Mix of HAP/β-TCP. Preprints 2021, 2021110288 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0288.v1).

Abstract

In dentistry, maxillofacial surgery, traumatology, and orthopedics, there is a need to use osteoplastic materials that have not only osteoinductive and osteoconductive properties but are also convenient for use. In the study, compositions based on collagen hydrogel were developed. Polylactide granules (PLA) or a traditional bone graft, a mixture of hydroxyapatite and β-tricalcium phosphate (HAP/β-TCP), were used for gel filling to improve mechanical osteoconductive properties of compositions. The mechanical tests showed that collagen hydrogels filled with 12 wt% highly porous PLA granules (elastic modulus 373 ± 55 kPa) or 35 wt% HAP/β-TCP granules (elastic modulus 451 ± 32 kPa) had optimal manipulative properties. All composite components were cytocompatible. The cell’s viability was above 90%, and the components’ structure facilitated the cell’s surface adhesion. The bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) provided osteoinductive composition properties. It was impregnated directly into the collagen hydrogel with the addition of fibronectin or inside porous PLA granules. The implantation of a collagen hydrogel with BMP-2 and PLA granules into a critical-size calvarial defect in rats led to the formation of the most significant volume of bone tissue: 61 ± 15%. It was almost 2.5 times more than in the groups where a collagen-fibronectin hydrogel with a mixture of HAP/β-TCP (25 ± 7%) or a fibronectin-free composition with porous PLA granules impregnated with BMP-2 (23 ± 8%) were used. Subcutaneous implantation of the compositions also showed their high biocompatibility and osteogenic potential in the absence of a bone environment. Thus, the collagen-fibronectin hydrogel with BMP-2 and PLA granules has optimal biocompatibility, osteogenic, and manipulative properties.

Keywords

сollagen; fibronectin; hydrogel; polylactide; HAP/β-TCP; BMP-2; osteoinduction

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