Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Spanish Version Of The Child Medical Fear Questionnaire: Cross-Cultural Adaptation And Validation

Version 1 : Received: 31 October 2021 / Approved: 8 November 2021 / Online: 8 November 2021 (14:33:48 CET)

How to cite: Martín-Rodríguez, L.; Soto-Ruiz, N.; Ferraz-Torres, M.; García-Vivar, C.; Saralegui-Gainza, A.; Escalada-Hernández, P. The Spanish Version Of The Child Medical Fear Questionnaire: Cross-Cultural Adaptation And Validation. Preprints 2021, 2021110150 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0150.v1). Martín-Rodríguez, L.; Soto-Ruiz, N.; Ferraz-Torres, M.; García-Vivar, C.; Saralegui-Gainza, A.; Escalada-Hernández, P. The Spanish Version Of The Child Medical Fear Questionnaire: Cross-Cultural Adaptation And Validation. Preprints 2021, 2021110150 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202111.0150.v1).

Abstract

Having valid and reliable tools that help health professionals to assess fear in children undergoing medical procedures is essential to offer humanized and quality of care in the paediatric population. The aim of this study was to develop the cross-cultural adaptation and the evaluation of the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the “Child Medical Fear Scale” in its shortened version (CMFS-R). The design consisted of two phases, first of cross-cultural adaptation and second of the psychometric validation of the CMFS-R with a sample of 262 children from Spain. Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to assess construct validity and the Cronbach alpha and the adjusted item-total score correlation coefficients were performed to study reliability. The results confirmed internal consistency and construct validity of the Spanish version of the CMFS-R, indicating that the scale has an acceptable level of validity and reliability. Therefore, this study brings a new version of the scale to assess fear related to medical procedures for use in the Spanish paediatric population.

Keywords

medical fear; children; psychometric properties; cross-cultural adaptation; Spanish

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Nursing & Health Studies

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