Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Importance of Screening for Early Detection of Ovarian Cancer: Epidemiological Review

Version 1 : Received: 27 October 2021 / Approved: 28 October 2021 / Online: 28 October 2021 (11:41:05 CEST)

How to cite: Hardikar, N. The Importance of Screening for Early Detection of Ovarian Cancer: Epidemiological Review. Preprints 2021, 2021100434 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202110.0434.v1). Hardikar, N. The Importance of Screening for Early Detection of Ovarian Cancer: Epidemiological Review. Preprints 2021, 2021100434 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202110.0434.v1).

Abstract

Abstract – Objective: Ovarian cancer, although not possessing a high incidence, is still the most common cancer-related deaths among women diagnosed with a gynecologic malignancy. The present study aims to highlight the epidemiology, risk factors of this disease and the significance of development of improved early detection strategies. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted using current published English studies by searching PubMed and Google Scholar. The search strategy included the keywords “ovarian cancer”, “diagnosis”, “risk factors”, “screening”, “epidemiology”. Studies on incidence and mortality were also considered. Case reports were excluded.Results: The highest incidence and mortality rates are observed in Central and Eastern Europe, while rates are relatively low in Asia and Africa. These rates are highest among the white population (14.3 per 100,000) and lowest among blacks (10 per 100,000) and Asians (9.7 per 100,000). The risk factors for this disease includes a family history, hormonal factors, nutrition and diet and physical activity, with some of them playing protective roles in reducing risk of ovarian cancers. There are no reliable screening methods for ovarian cancers. The most common diagnosis methods include a transvaginal ultrasound and a blood test to detect CA125 markers.Conclusions: The mortality rate of ovarian cancer is gradually increasing; thus, preventative measures are required to reduce lifetime risk of ovarian cancers and improve mortality rate.

Keywords

Ovarian Cancer; Epidemiology; Risk Factors; Screening; Diagnosis, Mortality; Incidence

Subject

LIFE SCIENCES, Other

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