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The Perceived Risk of Being Infected With COVID-19 at Work, Communication, and Employee Health: A Longitudinal Application of the Job Demands-Resources Model
: Received: 22 October 2021 / Approved: 28 October 2021 / Online: 28 October 2021 (09:58:00 CEST)
A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.
Journal reference: Sustainability 2022
The perceived risk of being infected at work (PRIW) with COVID-19 represents a potential risk factor for workers during the current COVID-19 pandemic. In line with the job demands-resources (JD-R) model applied to safety at work, in this longitudinal study we propose that PRIW can be conceptualized as a job demand, whereas communication (i.e., the exchange of good-quality information across team members) can be conceived as a job resource. Accordingly, we hypothesized that PRIW at Time 1 (T1) would positively predict psychophysical strain at Time 2 (i.e., four months later). Furthermore, we hypothesized that communication at T1 would negatively predict psychophysical strain at T2. Overall, 297 workers took part in the study. The hypothesized relationships were tested using multiple regression analysis. Results supported our predictions: PRIW positively predicted psychophysical strain over time, whereas communication negatively predicted psychophysical strain over time. Also, results did not change after controlling for age, gender, and type of contract. Overall, this study suggests that PRIW and communication can be considered as a risk and a protective factor for work-related stress, respectively. Hence, to promote more sustainable working conditions, interventions should encourage organizations to optimize the balance between job demands and job resources related to COVID-19.
COVID-19; perceived risk; communication; psychophysical strain; longitudinal study.
BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES, Applied Psychology
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