Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Telomerase Gene Therapy: A Remission Towards Cancer

Version 1 : Received: 26 October 2021 / Approved: 27 October 2021 / Online: 27 October 2021 (12:39:22 CEST)

How to cite: Quazi, S. Telomerase Gene Therapy: A Remission Towards Cancer. Preprints 2021, 2021100407 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202110.0407.v1). Quazi, S. Telomerase Gene Therapy: A Remission Towards Cancer. Preprints 2021, 2021100407 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202110.0407.v1).

Abstract

Telomerase is an enzyme which is culpable for the aliment and stability of telomeres. It also maintains the genomic integrity and chromosomal stability. The progressive shortening of telomeres may cause chromosomal instability and alternation in the telomerase. It may cause telomere attrition which can lead to oncogenic incidence in human. Cancer is a disease which is induced by genetic alternations in genes. The genetic mutation within the hTERT is a common type of scenario which is generally found above 90 percent of cancer. In cancer, the length of telomere and the activity of telomerase are very important for cancer cells to proliferate and also for the survival of tumors. Cancer cells regulate through several pathways to increase telomerase activity. There have been several advancements developed to inhibit the telomerase activity in cancer cell but the repercussion of those has demonstrated many adverse effects. Research on AAVs mediated telomerase gene therapy has demonstrated prominent outcomes in animal trials. Thus, it has the potential to bring significance shine in the telomerase cancer therapeutics. Here, in this review article we have analyzed studies related to telomerase gene therapeutics to cure cancer. We also have summarized the telomerase function and mechanism of action to cause cancer. Moreover, other current development in the clinical advances of telomerase inhibition in cancer is described.

Keywords

Cancer; Telomerase; hTERT; Telomere; Therapeutics; Genomic Integrity

Subject

LIFE SCIENCES, Genetics

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