Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Environmental Assessment of Compaction and Transportation of Municipal Solid Waste in Patna, India

Version 1 : Received: 8 October 2021 / Approved: 18 October 2021 / Online: 18 October 2021 (15:34:29 CEST)

How to cite: Aryan, Y.; Singh, D.; Dikshit, A.K. Environmental Assessment of Compaction and Transportation of Municipal Solid Waste in Patna, India. Preprints 2021, 2021100254 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202110.0254.v1). Aryan, Y.; Singh, D.; Dikshit, A.K. Environmental Assessment of Compaction and Transportation of Municipal Solid Waste in Patna, India. Preprints 2021, 2021100254 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202110.0254.v1).

Abstract

Municipal solid waste management is a major concern for developing countries all over the world. The collection and transportation accounts for major portion of expenditure in developing country like India. The compaction of waste is being practiced in some major cities of India as they provide economical benefit but the environmental benefits of compaction are not very clear. The preset study evaluates the environmental impacts due to transportation of non-compacted and compacted waste from the transfer station to the landfill site using life cycle assessment approach. The study compared transportation of non-compacted waste with the waste compacted by the truck mounted refuse compactor and portable stationary compactor. The functional unit defined was the amount of waste generated per day in the study area taken as Patna city and GaBi 10.5 used for impact assessment. The study found that the transportation of waste compacted by truck mounted refuse compactor had the least environmental impacts on all impact categories. The study recommends the compaction of waste by the truck mounted refuse compactor and then proceed for transportation. Also, the compaction of waste is recommended as it improve the overall environment performance of municipal solid waste management.

Keywords

compaction; environmental impacts; life cycle assessment; municipal solid waste; transportation

Subject

ENGINEERING, Civil Engineering

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