Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Hyaluronate-Thiol Passivation Enhances Gold Nanoparticle Peritumoral Distribution When Administered Intratumorally in Lung Cancer

Version 1 : Received: 29 September 2021 / Approved: 1 October 2021 / Online: 1 October 2021 (11:12:31 CEST)

How to cite: Terracciano, R.; Carcamo-Bahena, Y.; Butler, E.B.; Demarchi, D.; Grattoni, A.; Filgueira, C.S. Hyaluronate-Thiol Passivation Enhances Gold Nanoparticle Peritumoral Distribution When Administered Intratumorally in Lung Cancer. Preprints 2021, 2021090527 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0527.v1). Terracciano, R.; Carcamo-Bahena, Y.; Butler, E.B.; Demarchi, D.; Grattoni, A.; Filgueira, C.S. Hyaluronate-Thiol Passivation Enhances Gold Nanoparticle Peritumoral Distribution When Administered Intratumorally in Lung Cancer. Preprints 2021, 2021090527 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0527.v1).

Abstract

Biofouling is the unwanted adsorption of cells, proteins, or intracellular and extracellular bio-molecules that can spontaneously occur on the surface of metal nanocomplexes. It represents a major issue in bioinorganic chemistry because it leads to the creation of a protein corona, which can destabilize a colloidal solution and result in undesired macrophage-driven clearance, consequently causing failed delivery of a targeted drug-cargo. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a bioactive, natural mucopolysaccharide with excellent antifouling properties, arising from its hydrophilic and polyanionic characteristics in physiological environments which prevent opsonization. In this study, hyaluronate-thiol (HA-SH) (MW 10 kDa) was used to surface-passivate gold nanoparticles (GNPs) synthesized using a citrate reduction method. HA functionalized GNP complexes (HA-GNPs) were characterized using absorption spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, zeta potential, and dynamic light scattering. GNP cellular uptake and potential dose-dependent cytotoxic effects due to treatment were evaluated in vitro in HeLa cells using ICP-OES and Trypan blue and MTT assays. Further, we quantified the in vivo biodistribution of intratumorally injected HA functionalized GNPs in Lewis Lung carcinoma (LLC) solid tumors grown on the flank of C57BL/6 mice and compared localization and retention with nascent particles. Our results reveal that HA-GNPs show overall greater peritumoral distribution (**p<0.005, 3 days post-intratumoral injection) than citrate-GNPs with reduced biodistribution in off-target organs. This property represents an advantageous step forward in localized delivery of metal nano-complexes to the infiltrative region of a tumor, which may improve the application of nanomedicine in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer.

Keywords

Gold Nanoparticles; Hyaluronate-Thiol; In vitro; In vivo; Peritumoral; Cancer; Cytotoxicity; ICP-OES; Biodistribution

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