Xu, P.; Wei, Z.; Jia, L.; Zhao, Y.; Han, G.; Si, C.; Ning, J.; Yang, F. ZRO Drift Reduction of MEMS Gyroscopes via Internal and Packaging Stress Release. Micromachines2021, 12, 1329.
Xu, P.; Wei, Z.; Jia, L.; Zhao, Y.; Han, G.; Si, C.; Ning, J.; Yang, F. ZRO Drift Reduction of MEMS Gyroscopes via Internal and Packaging Stress Release. Micromachines 2021, 12, 1329.
Zero-rate output (ZRO) drift induces deteriorated micro-electromechanical system (MEMS) gy-roscope performances, severely limiting its practical applications. Hence, it is vital to explore an effective method toward ZRO drift reduction. In this work, we conduct an elaborate investigation on the impacts of the internal and packaging stresses on the ZRO drift at the thermal start-up stage, and propose a temperature-induced stress release method to reduce the duration and magnitude of ZRO drift. Self-developed high-Q dual mass tuning fork gyroscopes (TFGs) are adopted to study the correlations between temperature, frequency and ZRO drift. Furthermore, a rigorous finite element simulation model is built based on the actual device and packaging structure, revealing the temperature and stresses distribution inside TFGs. Meanwhile, the relationship between temperature and stresses are deeply explored. Moreover, we introduce a temperature-induced stress release process to generate thermal stresses and reduce the temperature-related device sensitivity. By this way, the ZRO drift duration is drastically reduced from ~2000 s to ~890 s, and the drift magnitude decreases from ~0.4 °/s to ~0.23 °/s. This stress release method achieves a small bias instability (BI) of 7.903 °/h and a low angle random walk (ARW) of 0.792 °/√h, and the long-term bias performance is significantly improved.
ZRO drift; MEMS gyroscope; internal and packaging stresses; finite element analysis; stress release
PHYSICAL SCIENCES, Applied Physics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.