Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

High Infection to SARS-CoV-2 in an Indigen Community of the Colombian Amazon Region

Version 1 : Received: 16 September 2021 / Approved: 17 September 2021 / Online: 17 September 2021 (11:43:46 CEST)

How to cite: Serrano-Coll, H.; Miller, H.; Rodríguez-Van der hamen, C.; gastelbondo, B.; Novoa, W.; Oviedo, M.; Rivero, R.; Garay, E.; Mattar, S. High Infection to SARS-CoV-2 in an Indigen Community of the Colombian Amazon Region. Preprints 2021, 2021090307 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0307.v1). Serrano-Coll, H.; Miller, H.; Rodríguez-Van der hamen, C.; gastelbondo, B.; Novoa, W.; Oviedo, M.; Rivero, R.; Garay, E.; Mattar, S. High Infection to SARS-CoV-2 in an Indigen Community of the Colombian Amazon Region. Preprints 2021, 2021090307 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0307.v1).

Abstract

Introduction. COVID-19 is a pathology caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus. The World Health Organization has reported more than 94 million cases and two million deaths worldwide. Objective: To describe the seroprevalence, spatial distribution, and clinical and sociodemographic variables of SARS-CoV2 in a community of the Colombian Amazon region. Methods. In December 2020, a cross-sectional observational study was carried out in a population located in the Colombian Amazon in the municipality of Mitú. Sociodemographic and clinical data were taken. Besides, 590 blood samples were taken, and an antibody detection was carried out with an ELISA and a recombinant protein N antigen of SARS-CoV2. Results. A seroprevalence of 57.6% was observed. The highest proportion of the infection is located in inter-municipal transport zones. The bivariate analysis did not show differences in the SARS-CoV2 infection rate concerning the variables sex, age-range, and the presence of comorbidities (P> 0.05). The bivariate and multivariate analysis showed that being symptomatic and presenting neurological manifestations of the upper respiratory tract are clinical variables associated with SARS-CoV2 infection (P <0.05). One of the causes of this virus's high spread in this community could be that 53.3% of the people were asymptomatic. Conclusions. Our data showed a high burden and transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in this indigenous community. This could be linked to cultural behaviors and the high infection rate in asymptomatic patients.

Keywords

Public health; Population groups; Informal sector; asymptomatic diseases; Seroepidemiologic studies

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