Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Combustion of Fuel Surrogates: An Application to Gas Turbine Engines

Version 1 : Received: 1 September 2021 / Approved: 16 September 2021 / Online: 16 September 2021 (08:43:49 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Al Qubeissi, M.; Al-Esawi, N.; Soyhan, H.S. Combustion of Fuel Surrogates: An Application to Gas Turbine Engines. Energies 2021, 14, 6545. Al Qubeissi, M.; Al-Esawi, N.; Soyhan, H.S. Combustion of Fuel Surrogates: An Application to Gas Turbine Engines. Energies 2021, 14, 6545.

Journal reference: Energies 2021, 14, 6545
DOI: 10.3390/en14206545

Abstract

The previously developed models for fuel droplet heating and evaporation processes, mainly the Discrete Multi Component Model (DMCM), and Multi-Dimensional Quasi-Discrete Model (MDQDM) are investigated for the aerodynamic combustion simulation. The models have been recently improved, and generalised for a broad range of bio-fossil fuel blends so that the application areas are broadened with increased accuracy. The main distinctive features of these models are that they consider the impacts of species thermal conductivities and diffusivities within the droplets to account for the temperature gradient, transient diffusion of species and recirculation. A formulation of fuel surrogates is made, using the recently introduced model, referred to as ‘’Complex Fuel Surrogate Model (CFSM)’’ and analysing their heating, evaporation, and combustion characteristics. The CFSM is aimed to reduce the full composition of fuel to a much smaller number of components based on their mass fractions, and to formulate fuel surrogates. Such approach has provided a proof of concept with the implementation of the developed model into a commercial CFD code ANSYS-Fluent. A case study is made for the CFD modelling of gas-turbine engine using kerosene fuel surrogate. The surrogate is proposed using the CFSM. The model is implemented into ANSYS-Fluent via a user-defined function to provide the first full simulation of the combustion process. Detailed chemical mechanism is also implemented into ANSYS Chemkin for the combustion study.

Keywords

Kerosene; CFD; Combustion; Fuel; Gas-turbine; Numerical analysis

Subject

ENGINEERING, Energy & Fuel Technology

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