Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Detecting the Institutional Mediation of Push–Pull Factors on International Students’ Satisfaction during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Version 1 : Received: 14 September 2021 / Approved: 15 September 2021 / Online: 15 September 2021 (11:45:11 CEST)

How to cite: Chang, D.; Chou, W. Detecting the Institutional Mediation of Push–Pull Factors on International Students’ Satisfaction during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Preprints 2021, 2021090255 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0255.v1). Chang, D.; Chou, W. Detecting the Institutional Mediation of Push–Pull Factors on International Students’ Satisfaction during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Preprints 2021, 2021090255 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0255.v1).

Abstract

In this study, we designed a structural model to determine the relationships among push–pull factors, institutional situations, and satisfaction during the COVID-19 pandemic. The 17 selected indicators fell under five domains, namely push factors, pull factors, institutional leadership, international strategies, and satisfaction. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to verify the assumptions of the model. Based on 1005 degree-seeking international students' views, this study found that push and pull factors may coincidentally exist, and their functions can be modified by institutional situations. The findings suggest pull factors will, through institutional leadership, impact students' satisfaction, while push factors will not. Moreover, the detection of institutional mediation can provide useful information for specific institutes to develop their future recruiting or retaining strategies. These findings enriched our knowledge of the field during the pandemic. For future studies, this design may be useful to interpret the phenomena of global student mobility in higher education settings.

Keywords

COVID-19; effects; educational systems; change in higher education; international students; push–pull theory

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