Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Coarsened Exact Matching of Excisional to Plasma-Ablative Ab Interno Trabeculectomy

Version 1 : Received: 14 September 2021 / Approved: 14 September 2021 / Online: 14 September 2021 (11:01:38 CEST)

How to cite: Dakroub, M.; Verma-Fuehring, R.; Strzalkowska, A.; Hillenkamp, J.; Al Yousef, Y.; Loewen, N.A. Coarsened Exact Matching of Excisional to Plasma-Ablative Ab Interno Trabeculectomy. Preprints 2021, 2021090235 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0235.v1). Dakroub, M.; Verma-Fuehring, R.; Strzalkowska, A.; Hillenkamp, J.; Al Yousef, Y.; Loewen, N.A. Coarsened Exact Matching of Excisional to Plasma-Ablative Ab Interno Trabeculectomy. Preprints 2021, 2021090235 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0235.v1).

Abstract

Purpose: To compare ab interno trabeculectomy by trabecular meshwork excision to plasma-mediated ablation in primary open-angle glaucoma. Methods: Retrospectively collected data of TrabEx+ (TEx, n=56) and Trabectome (T, n=99) were compared by coarsened exact matching to reduce confounding and matched based on baseline IOP and age. Primary outcomes were IOP and number of glaucoma medications. Complications and need for additional glaucoma surgery were assessed. Patients were followed for up to one year. Results: 53 TEx could be matched to T. Baseline IOP was 16.5±4.6 mmHg in both; age was 73.7±8.8 and 71.5±9.9 years in TEx and T, respectively. TEx were taking more medications than T (p<0.001). IOP was reduced to 14.8±4.3 in TEx and to 13.4±3.4 in T at 6 months, and to 14.9±6.0 (p=0.13) in TEx and to 14.1±3.8 mmHg (all p<0.05) in T at 12 months. Medications were reduced at both 6 and 12 months (p< 0.05). No differences were seen between TEx and T at 6 and 12 months. In TEx, only one serious complication occurred, and two patients required further glaucoma surgery. Conclusion: Although both groups had a baseline IOP considered low for ab-interno trabeculectomy, IOP and medications were reduced further at 6 and 12 months. IOP reduction did not reach significance in TEx at 12 months. The inter-group comparison did not reveal any significant differences. Both had a low complication rate.

Keywords

Glaucoma; TrabEx; Trabectome; ab-interno trabeculectomy; prognosis; intraocular pressure

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