Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect of Basicity and Al2O3 on Viscosity of Blast Furnace Slag and Thermodynamic Analysis

Version 1 : Received: 9 September 2021 / Approved: 9 September 2021 / Online: 9 September 2021 (10:49:51 CEST)

How to cite: Zhang, J.; Liu, Z.; Zhang, J.; Wang, C.; Ma, H.; Li, H.; Fan, J. Effect of Basicity and Al2O3 on Viscosity of Blast Furnace Slag and Thermodynamic Analysis. Preprints 2021, 2021090172 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0172.v1). Zhang, J.; Liu, Z.; Zhang, J.; Wang, C.; Ma, H.; Li, H.; Fan, J. Effect of Basicity and Al2O3 on Viscosity of Blast Furnace Slag and Thermodynamic Analysis. Preprints 2021, 2021090172 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0172.v1).

Abstract

With the increased use of laterite nickel ore, the impact of high Al2O3 slag on blast furnace smelting has gradually increased. In this paper, the effects of slag basicity and Al2O3 content on slag viscosity and enthalpy change under constant temperature conditions was investigated. The changes in slag structure were analyzed by activation energy and Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The relationship between slag components and slag temperature and viscosity when slag heat is reduced was investigated. The results showed that the viscosity first slightly decreased and then significantly increased with increasing basicity at constant temperature. With the addition of Al2O3 content, the viscosity of the slag increases. The activation energy increases with increasing slag basicity and Al2O3. With increasing basicity, the [SiO4]4- tetrahedral unit trough depth becomes shallow, the [AlO4]5- asymmetric stretching band migrates to lower wave numbers, and the slag structure depolymerizes. With the increase of Al2O3 content, the trough of [SiO4]4- tetrahedra deepens and the center of the symmetric stretching band moves to a higher wave number. The [AlO4]5- asymmetric stretching band becomes obvious, indicating the complexity of the slag structure. When the heat decreases, the slag temperature increases as the basicity increases, and the slag thermal stability is better at the basicity of 0.95-1.05. As the Al2O3 content increases, the thermal stability of the slag becomes worse.

Keywords

thermodynamic; enthalpy change; viscosity; activation energy; structure

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