Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Foreign Language Effect on Decision-Making when Compared to Native and Second Language

Version 1 : Received: 1 September 2021 / Approved: 6 September 2021 / Online: 6 September 2021 (09:47:03 CEST)

How to cite: Ahirwal, P.; Kothari, M.; Baths, V. Foreign Language Effect on Decision-Making when Compared to Native and Second Language. Preprints 2021, 2021090080 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0080.v1). Ahirwal, P.; Kothari, M.; Baths, V. Foreign Language Effect on Decision-Making when Compared to Native and Second Language. Preprints 2021, 2021090080 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202109.0080.v1).

Abstract

Decision-making is a complex process of selecting an option from the given choices by analyzing the background information like risk, loss, and gain within the alternative options presented. It has been observed in earlier studies that people are prompt to make less rational decisions when choices are given in a language less known to them. Therefore, to understand the effect of languages on decision-making, we have questioned native Hindi speakers in French and English. French being the foreign language, and English as their second language. Thus, this effect of a non-native language brings to light the important role that the native language plays routinely in judgment and decision-making. In this paper, we developed a Neuropsychological assessment to decipher the effects on decision-making between choices when given in foreign language and second language in comparison with the native language of an individual, which is termed as foreign language effect(Fle). We have explored various possible situations to understand the foreign language effect(Fle) in decision-making and does this change translates when the decision is to be made in the second language. Our study concludes that the Foreign language is least affected by the intuitive biases, followed by the second language, and the native language is most affected by it.

Keywords

Foreign Language effect; decision-making; native language; second language; risk-taking

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