Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Welding of Copper to Aluminium With Laser Beam Wavelength of 515 nm

Version 1 : Received: 20 August 2021 / Approved: 23 August 2021 / Online: 23 August 2021 (13:28:28 CEST)

How to cite: Mathivanan, K.; Plapper, P. Welding of Copper to Aluminium With Laser Beam Wavelength of 515 nm. Preprints 2021, 2021080443 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0443.v1). Mathivanan, K.; Plapper, P. Welding of Copper to Aluminium With Laser Beam Wavelength of 515 nm. Preprints 2021, 2021080443 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0443.v1).

Abstract

In laser joining of copper (Cu) and aluminum (Al) sheets, the Al sheet is widely chosen as the top surface for laser irradiation because of increased absorption of laser beam and lower melting temperature of Al in contrast to Cu. This research focus on welding from Cu side to Al sheet. The main objective of irradiating the laser beam from the copper side (Cu on top) is to exploit higher solubility of Al in Cu. A significantly lower laser power can be used with 515 nm laser in comparison to 1030 nm. In addition to low laser power, a stable welding is obtained with 515 nm. Because of this advantage, 515 nm is selected for the current research. By fusion of Cu and Al the two sheet metals are welded, with presence of beneficial Cu solid solution phase and Al+Al2Cu in the joint with the brittle phases intermixed between the ductile phase. Therefore the mixed composition strengthens the joint. However excessive mixing leads to formation of more detrimental phases and less ductile phases. Therefore optimum mixing must be maintained. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis indicate that large amount of beneficial Cu solid solution and Al rich phases is formed in the strong joint. From the tensile shear test for a strong joint, fracture is obtained on the heat-affected zone (HAZ) of Al. Therefore the key for welding from copper side is to have optimum melt with beneficial phases like Cu and Al+ Al2Cu and the detrimental phases intermixed between the ductile phases

Keywords

Laser welding; Cu-Al welding; green laser; Micro-structure analysis; Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS))

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