Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Comparison of Clinical Features and Prognosis in Patients With Cryptogenic and Secondary Organizing Pneumonia

Version 1 : Received: 18 August 2021 / Approved: 19 August 2021 / Online: 19 August 2021 (10:22:38 CEST)

How to cite: Choi, K.; Yoo, E.; Kim, K.C.; Kim, E.J. Comparison of Clinical Features and Prognosis in Patients With Cryptogenic and Secondary Organizing Pneumonia. Preprints 2021, 2021080395 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0395.v1). Choi, K.; Yoo, E.; Kim, K.C.; Kim, E.J. Comparison of Clinical Features and Prognosis in Patients With Cryptogenic and Secondary Organizing Pneumonia. Preprints 2021, 2021080395 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0395.v1).

Abstract

Organizing pneumonia (OP) can be diagnosed pathologically, and cryptogenic OP (COP) and secondary OP (SOP) have been classified by cause and underlying context. Because it is clinically difficult to differentiate between COP and SOP, this study investigated characteristics that could distinguish between COP and SOP. The medical records of patients who underwent lung biopsy from 2016 to 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Eighty-five patients had pathologically proven OP, including 16 diagnosed with COP and 69 diagnosed with SOP. The most common cause of SOP was infectious pneumonia, observed in 57 (82.6%) of the 69 patients. Median time from symptom onset to hospital admission is shorter (P=0.006) and fever was more common (P=0.021) in the SOP. Some laboratory results differed significantly between the two groups. Lymphocyte in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were higher in the COP (P=0.012). Radiologic findings showed that effusion was more common in the SOP (P=0.043). There were no between-group differences in steroid use, 30 day and in-hospital mortality rates, and rates of OP outcomes and recurrences. Infection is the main cause of SOP. Symptom onset is more rapid in patients with SOP. Pleural effusion was more common in the SOP but there were no differences in clinical course.

Keywords

Organizing pneumonia; Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia; Secondary organizing pneumonia

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