Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Application of Standard Nonlinear Solid Material Models in Modelling the Tensile Behaviour of the Supraspinatus Tendon

Version 1 : Received: 12 August 2021 / Approved: 13 August 2021 / Online: 13 August 2021 (11:08:40 CEST)

How to cite: Ngwangwa, H.M.; Pandelani, T.; Nemavhola, F. The Application of Standard Nonlinear Solid Material Models in Modelling the Tensile Behaviour of the Supraspinatus Tendon. Preprints 2021, 2021080298 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0298.v1). Ngwangwa, H.M.; Pandelani, T.; Nemavhola, F. The Application of Standard Nonlinear Solid Material Models in Modelling the Tensile Behaviour of the Supraspinatus Tendon. Preprints 2021, 2021080298 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0298.v1).

Abstract

Tendons transmit forces from muscles to bones through joints. Typically, tendons and muscles work together to innovate a particular type of motion. Therefore, in order for the tendons to find attachment to the bones, they are naturally adapted as much thinner strands than the muscles that they serve. Thus, they are often subjected to much higher stresses than the muscles that they actually serve in any given action. As a result, tendons are susceptible to injuries that may lead to a permanent dysfunction in joint mobility due to the fact that the scar tissue that forms after healing does not often have the same mechanical properties of the original tissue. It is, therefore, very important to understand the mechanical response of tendons. This paper examines the performances of two viscoelastic standard nonlinear models in modelling the elastic and plastic behaviour of the tendon in the light of a well-known hyperelastic Yeoh model. The use of the Yeoh model is more for validating the performances of the viscoelastic models within the elastic region rather than for comparison purposes. Yeoh model’s selection was based on its superior performance in modelling the elastic phase of soft tissue as reported in previous studies combined with its simplicity. The results show that the two standard nonlinear solid models perform extremely well both in fitting accuracies and in correlating stress results. The most promising result is the fact that the two standard nonlinear models can model tendon behaviour in the nonlinear plastic region. It is also noted that the two standard nonlinear models are physically insightful since their optimisation parameters can be easily interpreted in terms of tendon elasticity and viscoelastic parameters.

Keywords

tensile tests; tendons mechanics

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