Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

LED Induced Microglial Activation and Rise in Caspase3 Shows Reorganization in the Retina

Version 1 : Received: 6 August 2021 / Approved: 6 August 2021 / Online: 6 August 2021 (14:04:11 CEST)

How to cite: Balogh, B.; Szarka, G.; Tengölics, Á.J.; Hoffmann, G.; Völgyi, B.; Kovács-Öller, T. LED Induced Microglial Activation and Rise in Caspase3 Shows Reorganization in the Retina. Preprints 2021, 2021080167 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0167.v1). Balogh, B.; Szarka, G.; Tengölics, Á.J.; Hoffmann, G.; Völgyi, B.; Kovács-Öller, T. LED Induced Microglial Activation and Rise in Caspase3 Shows Reorganization in the Retina. Preprints 2021, 2021080167 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0167.v1).

Abstract

Vision is our primary sense as the human eye is the gateway for more than 65% of information reaching the human brain. Today’s increased exposure to different wavelengths and intensities of light from Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) sources could induce retinal degeneration and accompanying neuronal cell death. Damage induced by chronic phototoxic reactions occurring in the retina accumulates over years and it has been suggested to be responsible for the etiology of many debilitating ocular conditions. In this work, we examined how LED stimulation affects vision by monitoring changes in the expression of death and survival factors as well as microglial activation in LED-induced damage (LID) of the retinal tissue. We found an LED exposure-induced increase in the mRNA levels of major apoptosis-related markers -BAX, Bcl-2, and Caspase-3 and an accompanying wide-spread microglial and Caspase-3 activation. Everyday LED light exposure was accounted for all the described changes in the retinal tissue of mice in this study, indicating that overuse of non-filtered direct LED light can have detrimental effects on the human retina as well.

Keywords

LED; light; retina; microglia; caspase; apoptosis; Bcl-2; BAX; degeneration

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