Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Physiological, Epigenetic, and Genetic Regulation of Vegetative Phase Change and Rejuvenation in Plants

Version 1 : Received: 26 July 2021 / Approved: 27 July 2021 / Online: 27 July 2021 (15:28:35 CEST)

How to cite: Raihan, T.; Geneve, R.L.; Perry, S.E.; Lopez, C.M.R. Physiological, Epigenetic, and Genetic Regulation of Vegetative Phase Change and Rejuvenation in Plants. Preprints 2021, 2021070610 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0610.v1). Raihan, T.; Geneve, R.L.; Perry, S.E.; Lopez, C.M.R. Physiological, Epigenetic, and Genetic Regulation of Vegetative Phase Change and Rejuvenation in Plants. Preprints 2021, 2021070610 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0610.v1).

Abstract

In contrast to animals, adult organs in plants are not determined during embryogenesis but gen-erated from meristematic cells as plants advance through development. Plant development in-volves a succession of different phenotypic stages and the transition between these stages is termed phase transition. Phase transitions need to be tightly regulated and coordinated to ensure they occur under optimal seasonal, environmental conditions. Polycarpic perennials transition through vegetative stages and the mature, reproductive stage many times during their lifecycles and, in both perennial and annual species, environmental factors and culturing methods can re-verse the otherwise unidirectional vector of plant development. Epigenetic factors regulating gene expression in response to internal cues and external (environmental) stimuli influencing the plant’s phenotype and development have been shown to control phase transitions. How develop-mental and environmental cues interact to epigenetically alter gene expression and influence these transitions are not well understood and understanding this interaction is important considering the current climate change scenarios, since epigenetic maladaptation could have catastrophic con-sequences for perennial plants in natural and agricultural ecosystems. Here we review studies focussing on the epigenetic regulators of the vegetative phase change and highlight how these mechanisms might act in exogenously induced plant rejuvenation and regrowth following stress.

Keywords

rejuvenation; vegetative phase-change; epigenetics

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