Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Fungal Biovalorization of a Brewing Industry Byproduct, Brewer’s Spent Grains: A Review

Version 1 : Received: 23 July 2021 / Approved: 27 July 2021 / Online: 27 July 2021 (11:47:31 CEST)

How to cite: Marcus, A.; Fox, G. Fungal Biovalorization of a Brewing Industry Byproduct, Brewer’s Spent Grains: A Review. Preprints 2021, 2021070603 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0603.v1). Marcus, A.; Fox, G. Fungal Biovalorization of a Brewing Industry Byproduct, Brewer’s Spent Grains: A Review. Preprints 2021, 2021070603 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0603.v1).

Abstract

The beer industry is a major producer of solid waste globally, primarily in the form of brewer’s spent grains (BSG), which due to its low value has historically been diverted to livestock as feed or to landfills as waste. Its high moisture content and chemical composition positions BSG as an ideal candidate for further processing with microbial fermentation, and recent research has focused on filamentous fungi and the ability of some species therein to degrade the predominant recalcitrant cellulolignin components of BSG to produce valuable compounds. Many species have been investigated to biovalorize this waste stream, including those in the genuses Aspergillus, Pennicillium, Rhyzopus, and Trichoderma, which have been used to produce a wide array of highly valuable enzymes and other functional compounds, and to increase the nutritional value of BSG as an animal feed. This review of recent developments in the application of filamentous fungi for the valorization of BSG will discuss the biochemical makeup of BSG, the biological mechanisms underlying fungi’s primacy to this application, and the current applications of fungi in this realm. As the majority of these studies are at lab-scale, the challenges to scale-up and more widespread application and will be discussed as well.

Keywords

brewer’s spent grains; brewing; fungal biovalorization; food waste; malt

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.