Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Socioeconomic Impact of Academic Research and Higher Education on Peripheral Development: the Case of Israel

Version 1 : Received: 24 July 2021 / Approved: 26 July 2021 / Online: 26 July 2021 (15:45:08 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Degani, G.; Levanon, D.; Yom Din, G. Academic Research, Higher Education, and Peripheral Development: The Case of Israel. Economies 2021, 9, 121. Degani, G.; Levanon, D.; Yom Din, G. Academic Research, Higher Education, and Peripheral Development: The Case of Israel. Economies 2021, 9, 121.

Journal reference: Economies 2021, 9, 121
DOI: 10.3390/economies9030121

Abstract

MIGAL – Galilee Research Institute is a regional R&D center in the northeast peripheral region of Israel. An internationally recognized applied research institute, MIGAL specializes in biotechnology and computational sciences, plant sciences, precision agriculture and environmental sciences, as well as food, nutrition and health. Most of MIGAL’s researchers serve as the core faculty at Tel Hai Academic College (TH). Despite the country’s small surface area, socioeconomic inequality in Israel is high by OECD standards, with wage differences between rich and poor regions reaching up to 400%. The aims of this study are to identify possible socioeconomic impacts of MIGAL–TH on the peripheral northeast’s development. We discuss the effects of academic research and institutions of higher education on mitigating differences between the center and periphery of the country. Data for MIGAL, TH and the northeastern peripheral region were collected from the yearly reports of the two institutions and the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. MIGAL was found to serve as a link between research, academic teaching and socioeconomic development in the northeast periphery. Several variables related to this link and describing MIGAL–TH and northeastern periphery development were analyzed over time: MIGAL’s budget, total number of employees and number of employees with PhDs; number of TH graduate students; socioeconomic index (SEI) of the northeastern periphery and its position on the Israeli list of regional SEIs. The signs and significance levels of their trends indicate a potential socioeconomic impact of academic research and higher education on peripheral development in the northeast of the country. Research budgets and the creation of jobs for academics living in the region are just a few examples of this impact.

Keywords

regional development; periphery; socioeconomic index; academy; university

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