Preprint Concept Paper Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Human and Social Dimensions in CPS & IoT based Automated Production Systems

Version 1 : Received: 23 July 2021 / Approved: 26 July 2021 / Online: 26 July 2021 (09:47:59 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

El-Haouzi, H.B.; Valette, E.; Krings, B.-J.; Moniz, A.B. Social Dimensions in CPS & IoT Based Automated Production Systems. Societies 2021, 11, 98. El-Haouzi, H.B.; Valette, E.; Krings, B.-J.; Moniz, A.B. Social Dimensions in CPS & IoT Based Automated Production Systems. Societies 2021, 11, 98.

Journal reference: Societies 2021, 11, 98
DOI: 10.3390/soc11030098

Abstract

Since the 1970s, the application of microprocessor in industrial machinery and the development of computer systems have transformed the manufacturing landscape. The rapid integration and automation of production systems have outpaced the development of suitable human design criteria, creating a deepening gap where human factor was seen as an important source of errors and disruptions. Today the situation seems different: the scientific and public debate about the concept of Industry 4.0 has raised the awareness about the central role humans have to play in manufacturing systems, to the design of which they must be considered from the very beginning. The future of industrial systems, as represented by Industry 4.0, will rely on the convergence of several research fields such as Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (IMS), Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), Internet of things (IoT), but also socio-technical fields such as social approaches within technical systems. This article deals with different Human dimensions associated with CPS and IoT and focuses on their conceptual evolution of automatization to improve the sociability of such automated production systems and consequently puts again the human in the loop. Hereby, our aim is to take stock of current research trends, and to show the importance of integrating human operators as a part of a socio-technical system based autonomous and intelligent products or resources. As results, different models of sociability as way to integrate human into the broad sense and/or the development of future automated production systems, were identified from the literature and analysed.

Keywords

Industry 4.0; Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS); Internet of Things (IoT); Human factors; Automated production Systems; Social interactions; Social Networks

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